|Chairman of the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON)|
|Preceded by||Victor Ovie Whisky|
|Succeeded by||Humphrey Nwosu|
|Born||15 December 1921|
Professor Eme Awa (born 15 December 1921 - March 2000) was chairman of the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON), appointed by President Ibrahim Babangida. He held office from 1987 to 1989, when he resigned due to a disagreement with Babangida.
Eme Awa was a professor of Political Science at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Talking about the ethnic unions which rose between the late 1920s and the 1950s, but were later suppressed, Awa said: "The great achievements of the associations in generating among Nigerians loyalty for an ethnic group of several million people, thus paving the way for a broader lotalty for the entire nation was relegated to the background. These organizations were the only ones that had made systematic efforts to instill into the minds of Nigerians ideas of nationality, but their activities had not been properly directed, and the movement had been shunted into regional instead of national lines". He defended democracy, saying that it was not alien to Africa but was based on long traditions, "the type we had in the city states where everyone came out in the market square and expressed their views, either by raising their hands or something like that".
Eme Awa's commission conducted the 1987 Local Government election, which was poorly managed, with irregularities that included a confused of voters register and overcrowded polling stations. He was the teacher and mentor of Humphrey Nwosu, who succeeded him as FEDECO chairman. Professor Eme Awa died at the age of 79 in the Holy Cross Hospital in the United States of America in March 2000.
- Eme O. Awa (1955). Regionalism in Nigeria: a study in federalism. New York University. p. 594.
- Eme O. Awa (1964). Federal government in Nigeria. University of California Press. p. 349.
- Eme O. Awa (1976). Issues in federalism. Ethiope Pub. Corp. p. 117.
- Imam Imam (9 June 2010). "Past INEC Chairmen". ThisDay. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- MUYIWA OYINLOLA (2 MAY 2010). "From Esua to Iwu, who will rescue Nigeria?". Nigerian Compass. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- Adiele Eberechukwu Afigbo, Toyin Falola (2005). Nigerian history, politics and affairs: the collected essays of Adiele Afigbo. Africa World Press. p. 389. ISBN 1-59221-324-3.
- George B. N. Ayittey (1992). Africa betrayed. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 65. ISBN 0-312-10400-6.
- HANK ESO (18 June 2008). "A Jaded Humphrey Nwosu Finds his Mislaid Voice". Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- "Former Chairman Of NEC Dies". Tempo (Lagos). 15 March 2000. Retrieved 2010-06-10.