"Preparedness is the response to knowledge that sometimes, at some level, things go haywire." Emergency preparedness ranges from making sure your car has plenty of fuel to some sort of "Doomsday" scenario. The driving forces behind preparedness are varied, but include religious beliefs, popular culture, or just a desire for a self-reliant lifestyle. While the "prepper" community tends to prepare more for doomsday, or SHTF(S*** Hits The Fan) scenario, there are many who try to be prepared for any type of emergency. The government encourages preparedness through www.ready.gov and the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Community Emergency Response Team(CERT) program
Preparedness is a part of Emergency Management, which includes:
Hurricane preparedness kits usually include drinkable water, sealed pre-prepared meals MRE, first-aid kits, prescription medications in sealed containers, waterproof battery-powered or hand-crank-powered flashlights and radios, a whistle or other sound-signaling device, a multi-tool with a knife, identification and medical cards, any necessary medical records, waterproof bags or portable waterproof containers, and other supplies helpful to a survival situation.
Civil Defense - the official predecessor to Emergency Preparedness.