Emerging power

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An emerging power or rising power is a term used as recognition of the rising, primarily economic, influence of a nation - or union of nations - which has steadily increased their presence in global affairs. Such a power aspires to have a more powerful position or role in international relations, either regionally or globally, and possess sufficient resources and levels of development that such goals are potentially achievable. A term also used to describe such a state is "rising power".[1]


There is no standard or agreed method to decide which states are emerging powers. However a fundamental characteristic of an emerging power is that it is also an emerging economy, being that economic development is necessary and preliminary to political and military emergence.[2] It has been argued that while a country may be an emerging power, it is above anything else an emerging economy with only the potential or hope of increasing their global influence. This is because of several limiting factors, largely the seven dimensions of state power; geography, population, economy, resources, military, diplomacy and national identity.[3] Traditionally, only great powers or superpowers have succeeded in all seven dimensions of state power.

The BRICS[4] are often cited as being emerging powers, but at varying stages of development and of varying degrees of potential. For example Russia, which was once a superpower, is now re-emerging in some aspects of state power following the fall of the Soviet Union. China and India are emerging as potential superpowers, while Brazil is emerging as a possible great power.

List of emerging powers[edit]

The term emerging power is often used to delineate the following international actors:

Although there is no exact and agreed upon definition of what constitutes an emerging power, the term has sometimes been applied to the following countries:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Google nGram: Emerging powers vs Rising powers". 
  2. ^ Kennedy, Paul (1987). The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Random House. ISBN 0679-720197. 
  3. ^ a b Renard, Thomas; Biscop, Sven (2013). The European Union and Emerging Powers in the 21st Century: How Europe Can Shape a New Global Order. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Shaw, Timothy M.; Cornelissen, Scarlett; Miranda, Liliana Avendãno; McDonald, Matthew (June 2010). "The Emerging Politics of the Emerging Powers: The BRICs and the Global South". The China Monitor (52). University of Stellenbosch, South Africa: Centre For Chinese Studies. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Stacy White, CSIS: Emerging Powers, Emerging Donors, Published February 2011
  6. ^ Buzan, Barry (2004). The United States and the Great Powers. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Polity Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-7456-3375-7. 
  7. ^ Kettman-Kervinen, Lisa (9 February 2013). "Emerging power in emerging markets – are you ready?". Brand Republic. Haymarket Media Group, Ltd. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  8. ^ COGwriter (22 November 2012). "Egypt Emerging as Leader in Middle East: What Are the Prophetic Ramifications?". Church of God News. B. Thiel. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  9. ^ rhttp://fride.org/descarga/com_emerging_powers_eng_abr08.pdf
  10. ^ http://fride.org/descarga/com_emerging_powers_eng_abr08.pdf
  11. ^ http://fride.org/descarga/com_emerging_powers_eng_abr08.pdf

External links[edit]