Emerging power

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An emerging power is a term used by academics as recognition of the rising, primarily economic, influence of a nation - or union of nations - which has steadily increased their presence in global affairs. Such a power aspires to have a more powerful position or role in international relations, either regionally or globally, and possess sufficient resources and levels of development that such goals are potentially achievable.

Characteristics[edit]

There is no standard or agreed method to decide which states are emerging powers. However a fundamental characteristic of an emerging power is that it is also an emerging economy, being that economic development is necessary and preliminary to political and military emergence.[1] It has been argued that while a country may be an emerging power, it is above anything else an emerging economy with only the potential or hope of increasing their global influence. This is because of several limiting factors, largely the seven dimensions of state power; geography, population, economy, resources, military, diplomacy and national identity.[2] Traditionally, only great powers or superpowers have succeeded in all seven dimensions of state power.

The BRICS[3] are often cited as being emerging powers, but at varying stages of development and of varying degrees of potential. For example Russia, which was once a superpower, is now re-emerging[4] in some aspects of state power following the fall of the Soviet Union. China and India are emerging as potential superpowers, while Brazil and South Africa are emerging as possible great powers of the future. Five G20 members as emerging powers, Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey, and Australia are in the process of forming an initiative "MIKTA" to serve as a third major bloc in G20 to counterbalance the overwhelming influence of G7 and BRICS.[5][6]

List of emerging powers[edit]

The term emerging power is often used to delineate the following countries:

Although there is no exact and agreed upon definition of membership, the term has sometimes been applied to the following countries:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kennedy, Paul (1987). The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Random House. ISBN 0679-720197. 
  2. ^ a b Renard, Thomas; Biscop, Sven (2013). The European Union and Emerging Powers in the 21st Century: How Europe Can Shape a New Global Order. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Shaw, Timothy M.; Cornelissen, Scarlett; Miranda, Liliana Avendãno; McDonald, Matthew (June 2010). "The Emerging Politics of the Emerging Powers: The BRICs and the Global South". The China Monitor (52). University of Stellenbosch, South Africa: Centre For Chinese Studies. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Perlo-Freeman, Sam; Sköns, Elisabeth; Solmirano, Carina; Wilandh, Helen (April 2013). "Trends in world military expenditure, 2012" (PDF). SIPRI Fact Sheet. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. p. 3. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Kornegay, Francis A., Jr. (17 October 2013). "Move over BRICS and IBSA - MIKTA’s here!". SAFPI. Republic of South Africa: South African Foreign Policy Initiative. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Sukma, Rizal (24 October 2013). "MIKTA: What does it want?". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta, Indonesia: Niskala Media Tenggara. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Buzan, Barry (2004). The United States and the Great Powers. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Polity Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-7456-3375-7. 
  8. ^ Kettman-Kervinen, Lisa (9 February 2013). "Emerging power in emerging markets – are you ready?". Brand Republic. Haymarket Media Group, Ltd. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  9. ^ COGwriter (22 November 2012). "Egypt Emerging as Leader in Middle East: What Are the Prophetic Ramifications?". Church of God News. B. Thiel. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  10. ^ The Guardian: Nigeria (21 April 2013). "Nigeria emerging power house: Are firms ready to respond?". The Guardian: Nigeria. Guardian. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 

External links[edit]