Saint Emeric of Hungary

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For the King of Hungary that ruled 1196-1204, see Emeric, King of Hungary.
Saint Emeric of Hungary
SaintEmeric.jpg
Saint Emeric of Hungary
Prince
Born about 1000 to 1007
Veszprém
Died September 2, 1031(1031-09-02)
Hegyközszentimre (assumed place)
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Canonized 1083
Feast November 5, in Hungary: September 4 (burial of his relics)
Attributes Boar, Lily Stem, Sword

Saint Emeric of Hungary (Hungarian: Szent Imre herceg) also Henricus, Emerick, Emmerich, Emericus or Americus (about 1000 to 1007 – 2 September 1031) was the son of King St. Stephen I of Hungary and Giselle of Bavaria. He is assumed[1] to be the second son of Stephen, he was named after his uncle, St. Henry II, and was the only of Stephen's sons who reached adulthood.

Emeric was educated in a strict and ascetic spirit by the bishop of Csanád, St. Gerhard (St. Gellért) from the age of 15 to 23. He was intended to be the next monarch of Hungary, and his father wrote admonitions to prepare him for this task. His father tried to make Emeric co-heir still in his lifetime.

He married in the year 1022.[2] The identity of his wife is disputed. Some say it was Irene Monomachina, a relative of Byzantine emperor Constantine IX Monomachos, or a female member of the Argyros family to which Byzantine emperor Romanos III Argyros belonged. Other say it was Patricissa of Croatia, the daughter of Krešimir III of Croatia. Another possible person may have been Adelaide/Rixa of Poland or one of her unnamed sisters.

But his father's plans could never be fulfilled: on 2 September 1031, at age 24, Emeric was killed by a boar while hunting. It is assumed[1] that this happened in Hegyközszentimre (presently Sântimreu, Romania). He was buried in the church of Székesfehérvár. Several wondrous healings and conversions happened at his grave, so on 5 November 1083 King Ladislaus I unearthed Emeric's bones in a large ceremony, and Emeric was canonised for his pious life and purity along with his father and Bishop Gerhard by Pope Gregory VII.

St. Emeric is most often pictured in knight's armour with crown and lily.

It is believed by some Hungarians that Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer and the namesake of the Americas, was named after the saint.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sauser E, Biographisch-bibliograophisches Kirchenlexikon (German, title transl. "Biographic-bibliographic encyclopaedia of the Roman Catholic church") Vol XXI, pub. Bautz, 2003, ISBN 3-88309-038-7
  2. ^ Charles Cawley. "HUNGARY KINGS". Medieval Lands. Foundation of Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
  3. ^ Jonathan Cohen. "THE NAMING OF AMERICA: FRAGMENTS WE'VE SHORED AGAINST OURSELVES". Retrieved 1 April 2013.