Emfuleni Local Municipality

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Emfuleni
Local municipality
Official seal of Emfuleni
Seal
Location of Emfuleni Local Municipality within Gauteng
Location of Emfuleni Local Municipality within Gauteng
Coordinates: 26°40′S 27°45′E / 26.667°S 27.750°E / -26.667; 27.750Coordinates: 26°40′S 27°45′E / 26.667°S 27.750°E / -26.667; 27.750
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
District Sedibeng
Seat Vanderbijlpark
Wards 45
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Greta Hlongwane
Area
 • Total 966 km2 (373 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 721,663
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 85.4%
 • Coloured 1.2%
 • Indian/Asian 1.0%
 • White 12.0%
First languages (2011)[3]
 • Sotho 52.5%
 • Zulu 13.1%
 • Afrikaans 12.5%
 • Xhosa 7.8%
 • Other 14.1%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code GT421

The Emfuleni Local Municipality is one of three local municipalities comprising the Sedibeng District in Gauteng, South Africa. It is the westernmost local municipality in the District, and covers an area of 987 km².

Emfuleni shares boundaries with Metsimaholo Local Municipality in the Free State to the south, Midvaal Local Municipality to the east, the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality to the north and Westonaria and Tlokwe (Potchefstroom) Municipalities to the west.

The Emfuleni Local Municipality is rich in history: it encapsulates the Anglo-Boer War, the Sharpeville Massacre of 1960, and the 1996 signing of the Constitution of South Africa in Sharpeville.

Emfuleni is a largely urbanised municipality, with high population concentrations and density compared to other municipalities making up the Sedibeng District. In fact, the municipality houses around 80% of the district's total population.

The municipality is strategically located with access to a well-maintained road network – e.g. the N1 national route. The Vaal River forms the southern boundary of the municipality; its strategic location affords it many opportunities for tourism and other forms of economic development.

Emfuleni has two main town centres: Vereeniging and Vanderbijlpark. Sasolburg is 10 kilometers to the south, across the provincial boundary. The municipality forms the heartland of what was formerly known as the Vaal Triangle, renowned for its contribution to the iron and steel industry in South Africa. It also contains six large townships (Evaton, Sebokeng, Sharpeville, Boipatong, Bophelong and Tshepiso), which currently lack the facilities generally associated with towns of their size.

There are a number of small settlements, mostly within approximately six kilometers of the above towns: Bonanne, Steelpark, Duncanville, Unitas Park, Sonland Park, Waldrift, Rust-ter-Vaal, Roshnee and Debonair Park. The area also comprises a number of large residential areas, all of which require considerable investment in infrastructure and environmental upgrading.

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[4]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken language
Boipatong 70401 1.62 16,867 Sotho
Bophelong 70402 5.97 37,782 Sotho
Evaton 70404 35.20 143,157 Sotho
Orange Farm 70405 3.79 16,720 Zulu
Sebokeng 70406 32.80 222,045 Sotho
Sharpeville 70407 5.04 41,032 Sotho
Tshepiso 70408 5.26 22,952 Sotho
Vanderbijlpark 70409 207.69 80,205 Afrikaans
Vereeniging 70410 191.33 73,283 Afrikaans
Remainder of the municipality 70403 498.77 4,378 Sotho

Politics[edit]

The municipal council consists of eighty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Forty-five councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in forty-five wards, while the remaining forty-four are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of sixty-four seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.[5][6]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
African National Congress 126,895 131,045 257,940 69.8 36 28 64
Democratic Alliance 42,183 41,376 83,559 22.6 9 12 21
Independent 9,644 9,644 2.6 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 3,402 2,791 6,193 1.7 0 1 1
African People's Convention 2,134 2,086 4,220 1.1 0 1 1
Congress of the People 239 2,617 2,856 0.8 0 1 1
Freedom Front Plus 1,374 929 2,303 0.6 0 1 1
United Democratic Movement 479 308 787 0.2 0 0 0
Azanian People's Organisation 230 308 538 0.1 0 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 166 340 506 0.1 0 0 0
Pan Africanist Movement 169 139 308 0.1 0 0 0
National Freedom Party 7 269 276 0.1 0 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania 93 161 254 0.1 0 0 0
Black Economic Empowerment Party 60 154 214 0.1 0 0 0
Total 187,075 182,523 369,598 100.0 45 44 89
Spoilt votes 3,814 4,229 8,043

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
  5. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Emfuleni". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Emfuleni". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 

External links[edit]