Emil F. Reinhardt

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Emil Fred Reinhardt
Emil F. Reinhardt.jpg
Nickname(s) "Ducky"
Born (1888-10-27)October 27, 1888
West Bay City, Michigan (now Bay City, Michigan)
Died July 24, 1969(1969-07-24) (aged 80)
Fort Sam Houston, Texas
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1910 – 1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Service number 0-2887
Commands held 76th Infantry Division (United States) 76th Infantry Division
XIII Corps
VIII Corps
69th Infantry Division (United States) 69th Infantry Division
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze Star (2)

Emil Fred Reinhardt (October 27, 1888 – July 24, 1969), U.S. Army officer, who reached the rank of major general during World War II. He is most noted as a commanding officer of the 69th Infantry Division, which became a first unit to contact Soviet Army.

Early years[edit]

Emil Fred Reinhardt was born in West Bay City (now Bay City), Michigan on 27 October 1888, the son of Christoph L. Reinhardt and Seyville L. (Tomhafe) Reinhardt. He graduated from Bay City Western High School in 1906 and subsequently he attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He graduated in June 1910. He was also commissioned a second lieutenant in infantry on that date.[1]

During World War I, Reinhardt did not see combat service in France, but after the war, he served with the Allied occupation forces in Germany. From 1934-1938, Reinhardt served as an instructor with Pennsylvania National Guard and in 1938, he was transferred to Washington, D.C., as the executive officer of the Washington Provisional Brigade.[2]

World War II[edit]

He then served as commander of 20th Infantry Regiment. Reinhardt served in this capacity until April 1941, when he was promoted to brigadier general.[3]

After his promotion, Reinhardt was appointed the assistant division commander of the 7th Infantry Division under command of Major General Charles H. White. His next assignment was at Camp Wolters, Texas, where he was appointed commanding general of the Infantry Replacement Training Center.[4]

In 1942, Reinhardt attended the Divisional Commanders Course at Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and then was promoted to major general on April 17, 1942 and also appointed the commanding general of 76th Infantry Division.[5]

In September 1944 he was appointed commander of the 69th Infantry Division (United States) at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The division was sent to Europe in December 1944 and entered combat in January 1945 when it relieved the 99th Division in Belgium. The division attacked rapidly eastward. It crossed the Rhine on March 27, 1945, and captured Leipzig in mid-April.

On April 25, 1945, elements of the division reached the Elbe and became the first American unit to contact the Russian Army. After the end of the war the division was placed on occupation duty in Germany.

Major General Reinhardt returned to the United States in August 1945 and commanded the Infantry Replacement Training Center at Camp Robinson, Arkansas. He served in this capacity until September 30, 1946, when he retired from the military service.

For his service during World War II, Major General Reinhardt was awarded with Army Distinguished Service Medal, Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, French Legion of Honour, Grade Officer, French Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with Palm and Soviet Order of Suvorov, 2nd Class.[6] [7]

Reinhardt died on July 24, 1969 aged 80 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. He was buried at Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery together with his wife Laura Bishop Reinhardt (1887 - 1965).[8]

Awards and honors[edit]

Here is the ribbon bar of Major general Emil F. Reinhardt:


Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster World War I Victory Medal Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
2nd Row American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with three service stars World War II Victory Medal
3rd Row Army of Occupation Medal Officer of the Legion of Honour French Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with Palm Soviet Order of Suvorov, 2nd Class

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Officers of the U.S. Army 1939-1945". unithistories.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  2. ^ "Biography of Major-General Emil Fred Reinhardt (1888 - 1969), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  3. ^ "Officers of the U.S. Army 1939-1945". unithistories.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ "Biography of Major-General Emil Fred Reinhardt (1888 - 1969), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ United States Military Academy. The Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy at West Point: 2004. Connecticut. Elm Press. 2004. pg. 2:110
  6. ^ "Valor awards for Emil Fred Reinhardt". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  7. ^ "West Point deceased search". apps.westpointaog.org. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  8. ^ "Emil F. Reinhardt (1888 - 1969) - Find a Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Charles L. Bolte
Commanding General of the 69th Infantry Division
July 1944 – August 1945
Succeeded by
Brigadier General Robert V. Maraist

External links[edit]

  • Generals.dk
  • [1] Papers of Emil F. Reinhardt, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
  • [2] Photograph of Major General Emil F. Reinhardt giving blood, Georgia State Archives. Retrieved 02-06-09.