Emil Fuchs (theologian)

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Fuchs in 1912 with his wife and three oldest children; Klaus is on his mother's lap.
For the baseball owner and manager, see Emil Fuchs

Emil Fuchs (13 May 1874, Beerfelden, Grand Duchy of Hesse - 13 February 1971) was a German theologian.

A religious socialist, Fuchs was one of the first Lutheran pastors to join the Social Democratic Party of Germany. As a devoted pacifist, he later joined the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). He was a Fellowship holder at Woodbrooke College (now Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre), Selly Oak, Birmingham during 1934-5.

Fuchs was both a committed Christian and socialist and wrote numerous books on the relationship of Marxism and christianity. In 1958 Fuchs became honorary member of the East German CDU, that was part of the East German government and pursued a pro-communist course. On 9 February 1961 Fuchs was member of a Christian commission that was charged with discussing the issues of state and church with the GDR leader Walter Ulbricht. Since then Emil Fuchs engaged for normalisation of relations between the state and church in East Germany. Though a loyal GDR supporter Fuchs occasionally opposed the party line: he was against the persecution of the Young Congregations (Junge Gemeinden) in 1950s and when conscription was introduced in East Germany, he managed to persuade the communist leadership to allow an alternative for armed service. Men who refused usual service in the army could accordingly serve as 'construction soldiers' (Bausoldaten), who, as evident from the term, did mostly construction tasks.

In 1906 he married Else Wagner (1875–1931), who later committed suicide. They had four children: Elisabeth (1908–1938, suicide), Gerhard (1909–1951), Klaus (1911–1988) and Kristel (b. 1913). As their father, Fuchs's children supported socialism. His son Klaus Fuchs, a physicist, was an atomic spy, convicted of supplying information from the British and American atomic bomb research to the USSR during, and shortly after, World War II. The Pastor had later commented that he was proud of what his son had done, as he had acted as one of the saviors of humanity. Klaus's activity, in fact, had prevented the polarization of power and had possibly helped in preventing a Third World War that could have happened within a short time.

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