Emil Körner

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Körner and the second or maternal family name is Henze.
Emil Körner
Emil Körner Ejército Chile.jpg
Emil Körner in the uniform of the Chilean Army
Born Emil Körner Henze
1846
Prussia
Died March 25, 1920(1920-03-25)
Berlin
Nationality Prussian
Employer Government of Chile
Organization Chilean Army
Title Inspector General of the Chilean Army

Emil Körner Henze (10 October 1847, Wegwitz – 25 March 1920, Berlin), sometimes called Emilio Körner in Spanish, was the Commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army with the rank of Inspector General from 1900 to 1910.

Army modernization plans in Chile[edit]

After the War of the Pacific, the Government of President Domingo Santa María estimated that the Army needed to modernize and organize like European armies, according to the experiences that the conflict had left. The government set their sights on Germany, whose military establishment after the wars against Austria and against France stood out in Europe. In addition, the Chilean government had already touched on the overall progress of the country, with the influx of German immigrants to Chile. Following the idea of implementing the German military model, the Chilean embassy in Berlin contracted the services of the Prussian artillery captain Emilio Körner in 1885.

Chilean Civil War and rise to commander-in-chief[edit]

When the Chilean Civil War exploded in 1891, Körner sided with the Congress, which was only able to achieve control of the Chilean Navy while the Army, excepting several officers, sided President José Manuel Balmaceda. Partly due to his advices and actions during the Chilean Civil War, Emil Körner reached the rank of commander-in-chief of the Army in 1900.

References[edit]

Bibliography
  • Jürgen Schaefer: Ayuda militar a Sudamérica, Intereses militares y defensivos en Argentina, Bolivia y Chile antes de 1914.
  • Emilio Körner y Jorge Boonen: Estudios Sobre Historia Militar
  • Emilio Körner: El desarrollo del Ejército Chileno
  • Memorial del Ejército de Chile.'