Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (July 6, 1865 – July 1, 1950), was a Swiss composer, musician and music educator who developed eurhythmics, a method of learning and experiencing music through movement. (The influence of eurhythmics can be seen in the Orff Schulwerk pedagogy, common in public school music education throughout the United States.)
The Dalcroze Method involves teaching musical concepts through movement. A variety of movement analogues are used for musical concepts, to develop an integrated and natural feel for musical expression. Turning the body into a well-tuned musical instrument, Dalcroze felt, was the best path to generating a solid, vibrant musical foundation. The Dalcroze Method consists of three equally-important elements: eurhythmics, solfège, and improvisation. Together, according to Dalcroze, they comprise the essential musicianship training of a complete musician. In an ideal approach, elements from each subject coalesce, resulting in an approach to teaching rooted in creativity and movement.
Dalcroze began his career as a pedagogue at the Geneva Conservatory in 1892, where he taught harmony and solfège. It was in his solfège courses that he began testing many of his influential and revolutionary pedagogical ideas. Between 1903 and 1910, Dalcroze had begun giving public presentations of his method. In 1910, with the help of German industrialist Wolf Dohrn, Dalcroze founded a school at Hellerau, outside of Dresden, dedicated to the teaching of his method. In Hellerau were taught a lot of people, among them Prince Serge Wolkonsky, Vera Alvang (Griner), Valeria Cratina, Jelle Troelstra (son of Pieter Jelles Troelstra), Inga and Ragna Jacobi, Albert Jeanneret (Le Corbusier's brother), Mariam Ramberg, and Placido de Montelio. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the school was abandoned.
Among his compositions are a Nocturne for violin and orchestra, Violin Concerto #1 in c and Poème (2nd Concerto) for violin and orchestra, the latter two being available in CD format on the Guild label.
- Mead, V. H. (1996). "More than Mere Movement – Dalcroze Eurhythmics." Music Educators Journal, 82(4), 38-41.
- Mead, p.39.
- Institut Jaques-Dalcroze Genève
- Institut Jaques-Dalcroze Belgique
- "Dalcroze Eurhythmics Music Through Movement". Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- "Emile Jaques-Dalcroze" (in French). Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- Free scores by Émile Jaques-Dalcroze at the International Music Score Library Project