Emiliano Chamorro Vargas

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Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg
President of Nicaragua
In office
14 March 1926 – 11 November 1926
Preceded by Carlos José Solórzano
Succeeded by Sebastián Uriza
In office
1 January 1917 – 1 January 1921
Preceded by Adolfo Díaz
Succeeded by Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolaños
Personal details
Born (1871-05-11)11 May 1871
Acoyapa, Nicaragua
Died 26 February 1966(1966-02-26) (aged 94)
Managua, Nicaragua
Relations Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro (granduncle)
Fruto Chamorro Pérez (half-granduncle)

Emiliano Chamorro Vargas (11 May 1871 – 26 February 1966) was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1917 to 1 January 1921 and again from 14 March 1926 to 11 November 1926.

He was the son of Salvador Chamorro Oreamuno and wife Gregoria Vargas Báez, paternal grandson of Dionisio Chamorro Alfaro and wife Mercedes Oreamuno ..., grand-nephew of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro, 39th President of Nicaragua, and Fernando Chamorro Alfaro and half-grand-nephew of Fruto Chamorro Pérez, 30th and 31st President of Nicaragua.

Chamorro's first foray into politics came in 1893, when he participated in the failed revolution to topple President José Santos Zelaya. When Zelaya was finally removed in a 1909 coup led by Juan José Estrada, Chamorro became Chairman of the Constituent Assembly and leader of the country's Conservative Party.

In reward for his assistance in defeating the revolt against President Adolfo Díaz, Chamorro was appointed Nicaragua's Minister to the United States. In 1914, he negotiated the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty with the United States, by which Nicaragua agreed to allow the construction of a canal across the country, linking the Caribbean with the Pacific Ocean (a canal which has not been constructed).

He returned to Nicaragua in 1916, and was elected president. During his term in office he made a concentrated effort to pay off the country's creditors. Running again for office in 1923, he was defeated by Carlos José Solórzano. In 1926, he led a successful coup to overthrow Solórzano, but his new government failed to win American support, faced a civil war, and he eventually resigned in favor of Adolfo Díaz.

In the following years, Chamorro served as Nicaragua's minister to several European states. Originally opposed to the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza García, he eventually reached a compromise in 1950 (The Pact of the Generals[1]), whereby the Conservative Party was granted a number of seats in the Congress. This, however, cost him the support of many radical members of the Conservative Party.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Adolfo Díaz
President of Nicaragua
1917–1921
Succeeded by
Diego Manuel Chamorro
Preceded by
Carlos José Solórzano
President of Nicaragua
1926
Succeeded by
Sebastián Uriza