Emilio Colombo

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Senator
Emilio Colombo
Colombo7779.jpg
40th Prime Minister of Italy
In office
6 August 1970 – 17 February 1972
President Giuseppe Saragat
Giovanni Leone
Preceded by Mariano Rumor
Succeeded by Giulio Andreotti
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 August 1992 – 28 April 1993
Prime Minister Giuliano Amato
Preceded by Vincenzo Scotti
Succeeded by Beniamino Andreatta
In office
4 April 1980 – 4 August 1983
Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani
Giovanni Spadolini
Amintore Fanfani
Preceded by Attilio Ruffini
Succeeded by Giulio Andreotti
Lifetime Senator
In office
4 February 2003 – 24 June 2013
Constituency Appointment
by President Ciampi
Personal details
Born (1920-04-11)11 April 1920
PotenzaBasilicataItaly             
Died 24 June 2013(2013-06-24) (aged 93)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Christian Democracy (until 1994)

Emilio Colombo (11 April 1920 – 24 June 2013) was an Italian politician and the Prime Minister of Italy from 1970 to 1972. In addition to having held top positions in Italian governments, he was also active in European politics. In 2003 he was appointed to be an Italian senator for life, a seat which he held until his death. In the first five years as senator, he was an independent. From 2008 until his death in June 2013, Colombo was a member of the Autonomies group, formed mainly by elects in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

Early life and education[edit]

Colombo was born in Potenza, Basilicata on 11 April 1920.[1] He held a law degree.[2]

Career[edit]

Colombo entered politics as a member of the Christian Democracy in 1948.[3][4] He was firstly elected to the parliament in 1948.[5] Having held several cabinet posts, he served as the prime minister of Italy from 1970 until his resignation in 1972.[3]

A number of progressive reforms were introduced during Colombo's time as prime minister. A housing reform law of 22 October 1971 introduced new criteria for land expropriations and provisions for urban renewals. Under a law of 6 December 1971, state funds were made available for the construction of a kindegarten in every local authority. A law of 30 December 1971 introduced new regulations covering protection of female workers and maternity insurance. The duration of maternity leave was extended two months prior to, and two months after confinement for all employees, and all female workers were entitled to an earnings-related indemnity, equal to 80% of earnings (including agricultural workers and tenant farmers). Also introduced was an entitlement to voluntary extra period of leave for six months during the first year of the child’s life, with job security and an indemnity equal to 30% of earnings, together with an entitlement to paid absences due to the child’s sickness during the first three years if the child’s life. In addition, a special natality allowance was introduced for self-employed women in the agricultural, artisan, and commercial sectors.[6]

Later he became president of the European Parliament (occupying that office from 1977 until 1979) and foreign minister of Italy (from 1980 until 1983, and again from 1992 until 1993).[3] In February 2003 then president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi bestowed Italy's highest political honour on him, by nominating him Senator for life.[3]

After the inconclusive elections on 24–25 February 2013 and the following difficulties of the hung Senate in electing a presiding officer, Colombo became acting speaker of the Senate, being the most senior member, until the election of Pietro Grasso on 16 March 2013.

After the death of Giulio Andreotti on 6 May 2013, Colombo became the last surviving member of the Italian Constituent Assembly.[3]

Personal life[edit]

In November 2003, he admitted to have used cocaine (for "therapeutic purposes") over a 12- to 18-month period.[7][8]

Colombo died in Rome on 24 June 2013 at the age of 93.[5][9] He died 1 month after the former prime minister Giulio Andreotti by the cause of death on 6 May 2013.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Page at Senate website (Italian)
  2. ^ "Emilio Colombo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Senator-for-life, framer of Italian Constitution, dies at 94". La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno (Rome). ANSA. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Former Italian prime minister Emilio Colombo dead at 93". NewsDaily. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Former Italian prime minister Emilio Colombo dead at 93". Reuters. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Growth to Limits: The Western European Welfare States Since World War II Volume 4 edited by Peter Flora
  7. ^ Scalfari, Eugenio (27 February 2007). "Casini dica Dico". L'Espresso (in Italian). Retrieved 20 July 2007. 
  8. ^ Hooper, John (27 November 2003). "Former PM tells of regular cocaine use". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 20 July 2007. 
  9. ^ "È morto Emilio Colombo: aveva 93 anni L'Italia dice addio all'ultimo padre costituente". la Repubblica (in Italian). 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Giuseppe Medici
Italian Minister of Agriculture
1955–1958
Succeeded by
Mario Ferrari Aggradi
Preceded by
Guido Carli
Italian Minister of Foreign Trade
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Rinaldo Del Bo
Preceded by
Giorgio Bo
Italian Minister of Industry
1959–1963
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Togni
Preceded by
Roberto Tremelloni
Italian Minister of the Treasury
1963–1970
Succeeded by
Mario Ferrari Aggradi
Preceded by
Giovanni Pieraccini
Italian Minister of Budget
1968–1968
Succeeded by
Luigi Preti
Preceded by
Mariano Rumor
Prime Minister of Italy
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Giulio Andreotti
Preceded by
Oronzo Reale
Italian Minister of Justice
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Guido Gonella
Preceded by
Mario Ferrari Aggradi
Italian Minister of the Treasury
1972–1972
Succeeded by
Giovanni Francesco Malagodi
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Italian Minister without portfolio
1972–1973
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Athos Valsecchi
Italian Minister of Finance
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Mario Tanassi
Preceded by
Ugo La Malfa
Italian Minister of the Treasury
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Gaetano Stammati
Preceded by
Georges Spénale
President of the European Parliament
1977–1979
Succeeded by
Simone Veil
Preceded by
Attilio Ruffini
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1980–1983
Succeeded by
Giulio Andreotti
Preceded by
Giovanni Goria
Italian Minister of Budget
1987–1988
Succeeded by
Amintore Fanfani
Preceded by
Antonio Gava
Italian Minister of Finance
1988–1989
Succeeded by
Rino Formica
Preceded by
Vincenzo Scotti
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Beniamino Andreatta
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Preceded by
None, Parliament re-established
Member of Parliament for Basilicata
Legislatures: CA, I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI

1946 – 1992
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Assembly seats
Preceded by
Parliament established
Member of European Parliament for Southern Italy
Legislatures: I, III

1979 – 1980
1989 – 1992
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Italian Senate
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Lifetime Italian Senator
Legislatures: XIV, XV, XVI

2003 – 2013
Succeeded by
Title jointly held