|40th Prime Minister of Italy|
6 August 1970 – 17 February 1972
|Preceded by||Mariano Rumor|
|Succeeded by||Giulio Andreotti|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
1 August 1992 – 28 April 1993
|Prime Minister||Giuliano Amato|
|Preceded by||Vincenzo Scotti|
|Succeeded by||Beniamino Andreatta|
4 April 1980 – 4 August 1983
|Prime Minister||Arnaldo Forlani
|Preceded by||Attilio Ruffini|
|Succeeded by||Giulio Andreotti|
4 February 2003 – 24 June 2013
by President Ciampi
11 April 1920|
Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
|Died||24 June 2013
|Political party||Christian Democracy (until 1994)|
Emilio Colombo (11 April 1920 – 24 June 2013) was an Italian politician and the Prime Minister of Italy from 1970 to 1972. In addition to having held top positions in Italian governments, he was also active in European politics. In 2003 he was appointed to be an Italian senator for life, a seat which he held until his death. In the first five years as senator, he was an independent. From 2008 until his death in June 2013, Colombo was a member of the Autonomies group, formed mainly by elects in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.
Early life and education
Colombo entered politics as a member of the Christian Democracy in 1948. He was firstly elected to the parliament in 1948. Having held several cabinet posts, he served as the prime minister of Italy from 1970 until his resignation in 1972.
A number of progressive reforms were introduced during Colombo's time as prime minister. A housing reform law of 22 October 1971 introduced new criteria for land expropriations and provisions for urban renewals. Under a law of 6 December 1971, state funds were made available for the construction of a kindegarten in every local authority. A law of 30 December 1971 introduced new regulations covering protection of female workers and maternity insurance. The duration of maternity leave was extended two months prior to, and two months after confinement for all employees, and all female workers were entitled to an earnings-related indemnity, equal to 80% of earnings (including agricultural workers and tenant farmers). Also introduced was an entitlement to voluntary extra period of leave for six months during the first year of the child’s life, with job security and an indemnity equal to 30% of earnings, together with an entitlement to paid absences due to the child’s sickness during the first three years if the child’s life. In addition, a special natality allowance was introduced for self-employed women in the agricultural, artisan, and commercial sectors.
Later he became president of the European Parliament (occupying that office from 1977 until 1979) and foreign minister of Italy (from 1980 until 1983, and again from 1992 until 1993). In February 2003 then president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi bestowed Italy's highest political honour on him, by nominating him Senator for life.
After the inconclusive elections on 24–25 February 2013 and the following difficulties of the hung Senate in electing a presiding officer, Colombo became acting speaker of the Senate, being the most senior member, until the election of Pietro Grasso on 16 March 2013.
Honours and awards
- Page at Senate website (Italian)
- "Emilio Colombo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Senator-for-life, framer of Italian Constitution, dies at 94". La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno (Rome). ANSA. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Former Italian prime minister Emilio Colombo dead at 93". NewsDaily. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Former Italian prime minister Emilio Colombo dead at 93". Reuters. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Growth to Limits: The Western European Welfare States Since World War II Volume 4 edited by Peter Flora
- Scalfari, Eugenio (27 February 2007). "Casini dica Dico". L'Espresso (in Italian). Retrieved 20 July 2007.
- Hooper, John (27 November 2003). "Former PM tells of regular cocaine use". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 20 July 2007.
- "È morto Emilio Colombo: aveva 93 anni L'Italia dice addio all'ultimo padre costituente". la Repubblica (in Italian). 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.