|Born||Emilio Jacinto y Dizon
15 December 1875
Manila, Spanish East Indies
|Died||16 April 1899
|Other names||"Pingkian", "Dimasilaw"|
|Alma mater||University of Santo Tomas|
Born in Manila, Jacinto was proficient both in Spanish and Tagalog. He attended San Juan de Letran College, and later transferred to the University of Santo Tomas to study law. Manuel Quezon, Sergio Osmeña and Juan Sumulong were classmates. He did not finish college and, at the age of 19, joined the secret society called Katipunan. He became the advisor on fiscal matters and secretary to Andrés Bonifacio. He was later known as Utak ng Katipunan.
Jacinto also wrote for the Katipunan newspaper called Kalayaan. He wrote in the newspaper under the pen name 'Dimasilaw', and used the alias 'Pingkian' in the Katipunan. Jacinto was the author of the Kartilya ng Katipunan as well.
After Bonifacio's execution, Jacinto pressed on with the Katipunan's struggle. Like general Mariano Álvarez, he refused to join the forces of general Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Katipunan's Magdalo faction. Jacinto lived in Laguna and also joined the militia fighting the Spaniards. Jacinto contracted malaria and died in Magdalena, Laguna, at the age of 23. His remains were buried in Sta. Cruz, Laguna. A few years after, they were transferred in Manila North Cemetery.
In the 1970s, Jacinto's remains were transferred and enshrined at Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park in Quezon City. At the shrine is a life-size bronze sculpture of a defiant Jacinto riding a horse during his days as a revolutionary. Another statue of Jacinto is located in Mehan Garden.
Jacinto's likeness used to be featured on the old 20 peso bill that circulated from 1949 to 1969, and also on the old 20 centavo coin.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emilio Jacinto.|
- National Heroes: Emilio Jacinto. Accessed 1 September 2006. * MSC's honor to Jacinto
- David, Randy (2010-12-19). "Jacinto". Philippine Daily Inquirer (INQUIRER.net, An INQUIRER Company). Retrieved 2010-12-19.