Emilio de Gogorza
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Emilio Eduardo de Gogorza (May 29, 1874 – May 10, 1949) was an American baritone of Spanish parentage.
He was born in Brooklyn, New York, but brought up and trained musically in Spain. He returned to the USA in his early 20s. He sang in many languages, including French, Italian and English, as well as Spanish. Owing to pronounced near-sightedness, he did not appear on the operatic stage but became a renowned concert and recital artist instead.
De Gogorza recorded prodigiously for the Victor Talking Machine Company. His records display the intelligence and sensitivity of his singing, as well as a polished vocal technique. Victor released many recordings not only under his own name but under various aliases such as Carlos Francisco and Herbert Goddard. He used these pseudonyms for records issued on Victor's lower priced black label instead of the premium priced Red Seal label for which he usually recorded. In addition to recording, he also served as an early A&R man for Victor, helping to persuade other well-known opera singers to record for the company. He was responsible for signing Enrico Caruso to the label in 1904. Curiously, De Gogorza and Caruso made only one published recording together, a Spanish song entitled "A la luz de la luna" (In the moonlight) in 1918. In 1928, De Gogorza recorded the song again, with tenor Tito Schipa.
During this time he also was a professor of voice and music for the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. Among his students was Wilbur Evans who in December 1927 won the first Atwater Kent National Radio Audition, winning first prize out of 50,000 contestants. Evans would become a well-known baritone on Broadway and radio, as well as co-starring in London's South Pacific opposite Mary Martin.
De Gogorza also taught in retirement; among his pupils were the American composer Samuel Barber and the noted Philadelphia music critic, Max de Schauensee, who left many affectionate reminiscences of him.
De Gogorza was first married on 29 October 1896 in Manhattan, New York, New York, to Elsa "Elsie" Neumoegen; (daughter of N. Berthold and Rebecca [Livingstone] Neumoegen). On his marriage certificate; Emilio listed his parents as Julis Antonio De Gogorza & Francisca Navarette. His occupation was listed as a "Singer" in the 1900 Census.  De Gorgoza was married for a time to the celebrated American soprano Emma Eames, with whom he toured and also recorded duets for Victor. Their marriage ended in divorce.
He died in 1949 in New York City, from lung cancer at the age of 74.
- "New York, Marriages, 1686-1980," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F63Z-WY9 : accessed 26 Oct 2012), Emilio De Gogorza and Elsa Neumogen, 29 Oct 1896; citing reference , FHL microfilm 1487668.
- 1900 United States Census, Borough of Manhattan, New York, New York. Supervisory District #1, Enumerator District #0477, sheet 17B, Line 95 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11869-4247-26?cc=1325221&wc=MMPJ-4LK:339770724)
Entry in Karl J. Kutsch, Leo Riemens, Hansjörg Rost: Grosses Sängerlexikon. Saur, Munich, 2003. (7 volumes.)