Emily Greene Balch (January 8, 1867 – January 9, 1961) was an American economist and writer.
A pacifist dissident, Balch was fired from her professorship at Wellesley College due to her anti-war views during World War I. She later became a Quaker and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946 (the prize that year was shared with John Mott), notably for her work with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF).
Born in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston into an affluent family, she was amongst the first graduates of Bryn Mawr College in 1889. She continued to study sociology and economics in Europe and the United States, and, in 1896, she joined the faculty of Wellesley College, becoming a full professor of economics and sociology in 1913.
During the World War I, she helped to found the WILPF League and campaigned against America's entry into the conflict.
When her contract was terminated by Wellesley because of her pacifist activities, she became an editor of The Nation, a well-known liberal news magazine, acted as secretary of the WILPF (a second term in 1934 without salary for a year and a half), and did much work for the League of Nations.
Balch converted from Unitarianism and became a Quaker in 1921. She never married. She died the day after her 94th birthday.
Further reading 
- Kristen E. Gwinn. Emily Greene Balch: The Long Road to Internationalism (University of Illinois Press; 2011) 272 pages; a biography
- Christopher McKnight Nichols. "Promise and Peril: America at the Dawn of a Global Age" (Harvard University Press, 2011).
- Mercedes M. Randall. "Improper Bostonian: Emily Greene Balch" (Twayne Publishers, 1964).
See also 
External links 
- Emily Green Balch biography at Nobel Prize site.
- Emily Greene Balch: The Long Road to Internationalism by Kristen E. Gwinn, 272 pages, published 2010 by University of Illinois Press.ISBN 9780252035784.
- "Peace is too small a word": the life and ideas of Emily Greene Balch by Kristen E. Gwinn, 704 pages, published George Washington University 2008, ISBN 0-549-65940-4, ISBN 978-0-549-65940-2.
- Tribute to Emily Greene Balch by John Dewey, pages 149-150 in Later Works of John Dewey volumn 17. First published in Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1946 page 2.
- Public Assistance of the Poor in France By Emily Greene Balch, 179 pages, published 1893 as volume 8 numbers 4 & 5 of Publications of the American Economic Association.
- A Study of Conditions of City Life: with Special Reference to Boston, A Bibliography By Emily Greene Balch, 13 pages, published 1903.
- Our Slavic Fellow Citizens By Emily Greene Balch, 536 pages, published 1910.
- Women at the Hague: the International Congress of Women and its Results By Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, Alice Hamilton. 171 pages, published 1915 by MacMillan.
- Approaches to the Great Settlement By Emily Greene Balch, Pauline Knickerbocker Angell, 351 pages, published 1918.