Emily Howell is a computer program created by UC Santa Cruz professor of music David Cope. Emily Howell is an interactive interface that "hears" feedback from listeners, and builds its own musical compositions from a source database, derived from a previous composing program called Experiments in Musical Intelligence (EMI). Cope attempts to “teach” the program by feeding back so that it can cultivate its own "personal" style. The software appears to be based on latent semantic analysis.
Emily Howell’s first album was released in February 2010 by Centaur Records (CRC 3023). Titled From Darkness, Light, this album contains her Opus 1, Opus 2, and Opus 3 compositions for chamber orchestra and multiple pianos. Her second album was released in December 2012 by Centaur Records (CRC 3255).
Some composers and big name orchestras refuse to play Howell's work, citing it as controversial.
- Cheng, Jacqui. "Virtual Composer Makes Beautiful Music and Stirs Controversy". Ars Technica.
- David Cope (1987), "Experiments in Music Intelligence." In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, San Francisco: Computer Music Assn.
- Wiggins, G. A. (14 December 2007). "Computer Models of Musical Creativity: A Review of Computer Models of Musical Creativity by David Cope". Literary and Linguistic Computing 23 (1): 109–116. doi:10.1093/llc/fqm025.
- Leach, Ben. "Emily Howell: the computer program that composes classical music". The Telegraph.
- Computer Models of Musical Creativity, MIT Press (December 16, 2005), ISBN 0262033380