Emily Mary Osborn
Emily Mary Osborn (1828–1925), or Osborne, was an English painter of the Victorian era. She was best known for her pictures of children and her genre paintings, especially on themes of women in distress.
Emily Osborn was born in Essex, the eldest of nine children of the Rev. Edward Osborn and his wife Mary,who took up the curacy of West Tilbury under its rector Edward Linzee during the spring of 1834, when Emily was about 5. The family occupied the parsonage at the top of Gun Hill, which is pictured in a lithograph of 1845 by D. Walton. Osborn lived for some 8 years at the parsonage, though she afterwards recalled that her "early surroundings ... were not such as to develope artistic proclivities, there being but little natural beauty in the country around West Tilbury ...". There, her mother encouraged her "and watched with pride the clever portraits Emily drew of her brothers and sisters". The parent herself possessed a great love of painting and had, on her own account, "wished in vain to study Art professionally". The same article speaks of experimentation at this period, how the teenage girl, not always being able to obtain the paints she desired "devised a plan of making an extra supply of colours from flowers, by putting the petals into bottles with a little spirits of wine".
Move to London and exhibition at RA
Her father's final entry in the parish registers of St. James', was on 2 November 1842, after which the family removed to London – "to the great delight of his eldest girl, who rightly considered there was now some chance of realising the hopes she entertained of one day becoming an artist". Thereafter she attended evening classes at the Dickenson academy, Maddox Street. She then studied privately under one of the masters from Maddox Street, and later at his gallery in Newman Street for a year. In 1851, at the age of seventeen, Osborn began showing her work in the annual Royal Academy exhibits, and continued to do so over a span of four decades (to 1893). Her first paintings to be sent to the Royal Academy were a few portraits and figure subjects "of unpretending character", in the Great Exhibition year, 1851. In 1854 the R.A. exhibited a small picture by Osborn, titled Pickles and Preserves, which was purchased by C. J. Mitchell, Esq., who later introduced the artist to his brother, Mr. William Mitchell. He, "hearing she was desirous of producing something of greater importance", gave Emily a commission for a group of life-sized portraits of a lady (Mrs. Sturgiss) and her three children. With the 200 guineas received for this work, she 'added a studio to her residence'. She had also, in that same R.A. exhibition (1855) hung a smaller painting called My Cottage Door, "which brought the artist well-deserved fame" and was purchased by Queen Victoria.
Her most famous single work is Nameless and Friendless (1857), which has been called "The most ingenious of all Victorian widow pictures." It depicts a recently bereaved woman attempting to make a living as an artist by offering a picture to a dealer, while two "swells" at the left ogle her. Osborn's The Governess was shown at the Royal Academy in 1860, and purchased by Queen Victoria. Works of this type, which focused on the distresses of women in contemporary Victorian society, have earned Osborn the designation "proto-feminist artist."
In 1861 Osborn exhibited her The escape of Lord Nithsdale from the Tower, 1717 at the Royal Academy. This historical painting shows Nithisdale eluding custody by dressing as a woman. Osborn's interest in women and women artists is encapsulated in her 1884 picture Portrait of Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon, in which feminist artist Barbara Bodichon was portrayed at her easel. Osborn executed a second portrait of Bodichon in 1888.
Later life and work
A magazine article of the mid-1880s outlined the artist's later story. In 1868, she lost her mother "and for two years did no work of importance", then for six months she and her sister devoted themselves to nursing the sick and wounded in the Franco-Prussian War. "Then came her visits to Venice and Algeria, made familiar (to gallery-goers) by her pictures in the Grosvenor and elsewhere". At home, she also toured and painted among the Norfolk Broads.
In 1914 Ellen Sickert (daughter of Richard Cobden and first wife of Walter Sickert), writing under the pseudonym "Miles Amber," published her novel Sylvia Saxton: Episodes of a Life. Sickert dedicated her novel to Osborn and her companion Mary Elizabeth Dunn.
She never married and died, aged 97, in 1925.
- English women painters from the early 19th century who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Art
- Sophie Gengembre Anderson
- Mary Baker
- Ann Charlotte Bartholomew
- Maria Bell
- Barbara Bodichon
- Joanna Mary Boyce
- Margaret Sarah Carpenter
- Fanny Corbaux
- Rosa Corder
- Mary Ellen Edwards
- Harriet Gouldsmith
- Mary Harrison (artist)
- Jane Benham Hay
- Anna Mary Howitt
- Mary Moser
- Martha Darley Mutrie
- Ann Mary Newton
- Kate Perugini
- Louise Rayner
- Ellen Sharples
- Rolinda Sharples
- Rebecca Solomon
- Elizabeth Emma Soyer
- Isabelle de Steiger
- Henrietta Ward
- Charlotte Yeldham, Women Artists in Nineteenth-Century France and England, New York, Garland, 1984.
- Nancy Heller, Women Artists: An Illustrated History, New York, Abbeville, 1987.
- The Lady journal, 2 September 1886
- The Art-Journal, 1864, p.261
- Christopher Wood, Victorian Painting, Boston, Little, Brown & Co., 1999; p. 56.
- Linda Nochlin, Women, Art and Power and Other Essays, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1989; p. 88.
- Elaine Shefer, "Woman's Mission," Woman's Art Journal, Vol. 7 No. 1 (Spring–Summer 1986), pp. 8–12; see p. 9.
- Elizabeth Crawford, The Woman's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866–1928, London, Routledge, 2001; p. 467.
- E M Osborn online (ArtCyclopedia)
- Representative works
- E M Osborn (Victorian Web)
- A woman scorned – an essay on Osborn's painting, "The Governess" (TES Connect)