Emine Gülbahar Hatun
Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire
|Fatih Mosque, Istanbul|
|Known for||Valide Sultan|
|Spouse(s)||Fatih Sultan Mehmed|
|Children||possibly Bayezid II, and Gevherhan Sultan|
There are differing views of her origin. The Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah), which means that her father was possibly a convert to Islam. Among theories are:
- Albanian origin.
- Pontic Greek from Douvera in Trabzon.
She married Mehmed II in 1446 at Manisa.
There are differing views of her issue:
- She was mother of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II and Gevherhan Sultan. Other sources have her as the adoptive mother of Bayezid II.
When Bayezid II ascended the throne, Gülbahar acquired the equivalent title of Valide Sultan (since Ayşe Hafsa Sultan being the First Valide Sultan as equivalent to the Queen Mother) for eleven years as the widow of Mehmed II.
In popular culture
- Peirce, Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5 (paperback).
- Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).
- Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-691-01078-1.
- Heath W. Lowry (1 February 2012). The Nature of the Early Ottoman State. SUNY Press. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-0-7914-8726-6. "Mother of Bayezid II was Gülbahar Hatun (a Pontic Greek from the village of Douvera in Trabzon)"
- Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea. p. 69. "Only the graves of Gulbahar Hatun and Aise Hatun are unknown. We do not have any documents about Aise Hatun." He supports the theory of "Aise Gulbahar". Another reason for this confusion is that Bayezid's mother was also Gulbahar."
- "Sultan II. Bayezid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
- Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 129, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
- James Bainbridge (15 September 2010). Lonely Planet Turkey. Lonely Planet. p. 555. ISBN 978-1-74220-386-7. "Gülbahar Hatun Camii (Map p554) is another interesting mosque. It was built in 1514 by Selim the Grim, the great Ottoman conqueror of Syria and Egypt, in honour of his mother, Gülbahar"
- T.A. Sinclair (31 December 1990). Eastern Turkey: An Architectural & Archaeological Survey, Volume IV. Pindar Press. p. 460. ISBN 978-1-904597-81-0. "Mother of Selim I (Gülbahar Hatun)."
Ayşe Hafsa Sultan