Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology
|Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology|
EIAST Official logo
EIAST Office in Dubai.
|Formed||February 6, 2006|
|Jurisdiction||Emirate government of Dubai|
|Agency executive||Ahmed Obaid Al Mansouri, Director General|
The Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST), is a Dubai government entity that was established by law in 2006, as part of the United Arab Emirates' national initiative to promote scientific innovation, with the emphasis on space technology and promoting sustainable development.
The Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST) was established after His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, and Ruler of Dubai, signed a decree on February 6, 2006.
EIAST was established in order to promote advanced research and technological innovation, more specifically satellite technology; to build a well established internationally competitive base for human skills development; to position Dubai and the United Arab Emirates as a hub for space technology development internationally; to optimize the potential of EIAST satellite programs, DubaiSat-1 and DubaiSat-2, through broadening their applications; and lastly to provide support to decision makers in all sectors through application of its specialist skills.
In order for EIAST to achieve its goal of using space technologies and applications effectively, the institution has pursued four programs: research and development of outer space, satellite manufacturing and system development, Earth observation from satellite images, and ground station services and support to other satellites.
DubaiSat-1 was an initiative from the Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST) to start the first Earth observation satellite program in the United Arab Emirates. The satellite was designed and developed by Satrec Initiative – a satellite manufacturing company in South Korea, along with a team of EIAST engineers. DubaiSat-1 is a catalyst project for the advanced satellites technology of the United Arab Emirates. The satellite was launched on July 29, 2009 from Baikonur launch site in Kazakhstan on board a Dpner rocket.
DubaiSat-1 is a remote sensing satellite that observes the earth at a Low Earth Orbit and generates high resolution optical images at 2.5m panchromatic and 5m multispectral bands. These images provide decision makers in the UAE and EIAST clients with a valuable tool for a wide range of applications including infrastructure development, urban planning as well as environment monitoring and protection. DubaiSat-1 images are also used extensively to promote geosciences and remote sensing research in the region and support different scientific disciplines in private and academic sectors.
DubaiSat-1 Images have been used to monitor progress on the The World megaproject in Dubai, Palm Islands and Al Maktoum International Airport as well as other landmarks of national interest. The United Nations also used DubaiSat-1 images to monitor, assess, and plan for the relief efforts following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011.
The total cost of the program, including the research and development of the satellite, is estimated to about $50 million.
DubaiSat-2 is the second satellite program of EIAST. The DubaiSat-2 project is a joint development program between EIAST and Satrec Initiative of South Korea, in which 20 engineers from the United Arab Emirates have been working on the design, development, testing and manufacturing of the satellite. The agency plans to launch the satellite in the last quarter of 2012. It will be launched by ISC Kosmotras on board a Dpner rocket from Yasny cosmodrome in Russia. The remote sensing satellite will feature an electro-optical earth observation satellite system with a Ground Sampling Distance of 1m at 600 km sun-synchronous orbit. It will weigh 300 kg, a third more than its predecessor. The satellite will orbit closer to the Earth at a faster speed and will cover 17,000 square metres per day, more than the 12,000 metres covered by DubaiSat-1. DubaiSat-2 will incorporate a wide range of new technologies not implemented in its predecessor, allowing it to exceed the performance of spacecraft in its weight class.
The Institution is moving rapidly towards establishing its own satellite manufacturing and testing facility in Dubai.
The institution also will continue to invest heavily in awareness and education of the public.
The following are some of the satellite images taken by DubaiSat-1:
- United Arab Emirates
- Earth Observation Satellite
- Ground Station
- Sun Synchronous Orbit
- Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 200
- Dnepr Launch Vehicle
- Low Earth Orbit
- Multispectral Image
- Palm Islands
- Al Maktoum International Airport
- Ground Sampling Distance
- "About EIAST". Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
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- "DubaiSat-2 Introduction". Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
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