Emlichheim

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Emlichheim
Coat of arms of Emlichheim
Coat of arms
Emlichheim   is located in Germany
Emlichheim
Emlichheim
Coordinates: 52°37′N 6°50′E / 52.617°N 6.833°E / 52.617; 6.833Coordinates: 52°37′N 6°50′E / 52.617°N 6.833°E / 52.617; 6.833
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Grafschaft Bentheim
Municipal assoc. Emlichheim
Government
 • Mayor Heinrich Strenge (SPD)
Area
 • Total 48.52 km2 (18.73 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 7,195
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 49824
Dialling codes 0 59 43
Vehicle registration NOH
Website www.emlichheim.de
Reformed Church from 1150
Emlichheim, Lutheran Church of Peace

Emlichheim is a community in the district of Grafschaft Bentheim in Lower Saxony, Germany, roughly 20 km south of Emmen, and 25 km northwest of Nordhorn.

Geography[edit]

Emlichheim lies right on the German-Dutch border. The community is bordered on the south by the river Vechte and on the north by the Coevorden-Picardy Canal. It is also the administrative seat of the Samtgemeinde Emlichheim, whose members also include Hoogstede, Laar and Ringe. Over the last few years the village has experienced massive growth due to the inflow of Dutch nationals.

History[edit]

Emlichheim has existed at least since Charlemagne’s time. In a document from 1312, the community crops up under the name Emminchem.

In old Dutch documents (16th to 19th century), and even today in the Twents dialect of Dutch, Emlichheim is called Emmelkamp.[2]

Politics[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

Council’s current composition (19 seats in total):

  • CDU - 8 seats
  • SPD - 7 seats
  • FDP - 2 seats
  • Grafschafter Bürger Forum (gbf) - 2 seats

(State: municipal election by 11. September 2011)

Partner communities[edit]

Economy[edit]

The firm Emsland-Stärke, with its location in Emlichheim, is one of Europe’s starch producers. Over a million metric tons of potatoes delivered from within a region with a radius of some 150 km are processed here every year, thereby making Emsland-Stärke not only the community’s biggest employer but also an important source of livelihood for the whole region.

Some 8 km west of Emlichheim lies the border-straddling industrial park within the communities of Laar in Germany and Coevorden in the Netherlands called EUROPARK. Here, a hotly disputed rubbish burning site, the Müllverbrennungsanlage Emlichheim, is supposed to be built by a private Dutch investor.

Another economic factor of the Emlichheim Samtgemeinde is the plastics processing industry. Among these businesses are Synco and BekuPlast in Ringe and Ringoplast in Ringe-Neugnadenfeld.

Education[edit]

Emlichheim has a primary school, a Hauptschule-Realschule, a Gymnasium for secondary level 1 and a special school. These schools supply basic educational needs, but further needs must be sought either in Neuenhaus (Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium) or in the district seat of Nordhorn. In Nordhorn learners have almost every possibility at their disposal (general-education Gymnasien, specialized Gymnasien, vocational training schools, and so on). In Emlichheim is also to be found an educational establishment rich in tradition.

Famous people[edit]

Sons and daughters of the community[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Herbert Wagner: Die Gestapo war nicht allein... Politische Sozialkontrolle und Staatsterror im deutsch - niederländischen Grenzgebiet 1929 - 1945. LIT Verlag. Münster 2004 (contains, among other things, illegal border crossings, struggle between church and state)

References[edit]


This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.