Grandma Gatewood

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Emma Rowena
"Grandma" Gatewood
Emma Gatewood 414x425.jpg
Born (1887-10-25)October 25, 1887
Guyan Township, Gallia County, Ohio, U.S.
Died June 4, 1973(1973-06-04) (aged 85)
Gallipolis, Ohio, U.S.
Cause of death
Apparent heart attack
Resting place
Ohio Valley Memory Gardens
Occupation Housewife
Years active 1955 to 1973
Known for Hiking
Religion Methodist
Parent(s) Hugh Wilson & Esther Evelyn Trowbridge Caldwell
Notes

Emma Rowena Gatewood, better known as Grandma Gatewood (October 25, 1887–June 4, 1973),[1] was an extreme hiker and ultra-light hiking pioneer who was the first woman to hike the 2,168-mile (3,489 km) Appalachian Trail from Mount Oglethorpe in Georgia to Mount Katahdin in Maine solo, and in one season.[2]

Family life[edit]

Emma Gatewood

Gatewood was born in Guyan Township, Gallia County, Ohio. She was a farmer's wife who had 11 children and 24 grandchildren, 30 great-grandchildren, and one great-great-grandchild living at the time of her death at 85.[1]

Gatewood's husband physically beat her on a regular basis starting from the first weeks of their marriage.[3] She recalled being beaten nearly to death on several occasions. She suffered broken ribs, broken teeth, and other injuries during her unhappy marriage. When things became bad, she would run from the house into the woods where she found peace and solitude. She eventually successfully divorced him; at the time divorce was more difficult and her husband continually threatened to have her committed to an insane asylum as a means of maintaining control over her.[3]

Hiking[edit]

In 1955, at the age of 67, Gatewood told her children (who were now adults) that she was going for a walk. They did not ask where or for how long, as they knew she was resilient and would take care of herself.[3] About 5 years earlier, Gatewood read an article in National Geographic about the AT and thought "it would be a nice lark," though in retrospect considering the difficulty she added "It wasn't."[2] The magazine gave her the impression of easy walks and clean cabins at the end of each days walk.[3] Thus she took little in the way of outdoor gear. She wore Keds sneakers and carried an army blanket, a raincoat, and a plastic shower curtain in a homemade denim bag slung over one shoulder. She would later say "For some fool reason, they always lead you right up over the biggest rock to the top of the biggest mountain they can find."[2]

Local newspapers picked up on her story in the southern states, then the Associated Press did a national profile of her while in Maryland, leading to an article in Sports Illustrated when she had reached Connecticut.[4] After the hike she was invited on the Today Show. These appearances made her a celebrity even before the hike was over and she was often recognized and received "trail magic" (assistance from strangers) in the form of friends, food and places to sleep.[3]

She hiked the AT again in 1960, and then again at age 75 in 1963, making her the first person to hike the trail three times (though her final hike was completed in sections).[2] She was also credited with being the oldest female thru-hiker by the Appalachian Trail Conference[5]

In addition, she walked 2,000 miles (3,200 km) of the Oregon Trail from Independence, Missouri, to Portland, Oregon, averaging 22 miles (35 km) a day. She traveled to every state of the continental United States.

In 1970, at age 83, while visiting Appalachian Outfitters in Oakton, Virginia she was asked what she thought about the latest lightweight backpacking gear. Emma advised: "Make a rain cape, and an over the shoulder sling bag, and buy a sturdy pair of Keds tennis shoes. Stop at local groceries and pick up Vienna sausages... most everything else to eat you can find beside the trail... and by the way those wild onions are not called "Ramps"... they are "Rampions" ... a ramp is an inclined plane."

Gatewood was a life member of the National Campers and Hikers Association and the Roanoke Appalachian Trail Club. She was Director Emeritus and a lifetime member of the Buckeye Trail Association.[1]

Legacy[edit]

At Hocking Hills State Park in Ohio, the North Country Trail, Buckeye Trail, and the American Discovery Trail coincide and a six-mile section is designated as the Grandma Gatewood Trail. It connects Old Man's Cave to Cedar Falls to Ash Cave.[6][7]

The Appalachian Trail Museum includes information about Emma Gatewood in its exhibits and in June 2012, she was inducted into the Appalachian Trail Hall of Fame.[8]

Emma Gatewood is the subject of a project at Eden Valley Enterprises.[9]

“Trail Magic,” a 60-minute documentary by Put-in-Bay filmmaker Peter Huston, is about Emma Gatewood.[10]

Biographies[edit]

  • Ben Montgomery (2014). Grandma Gatewood's Walk: The Inspiring Story of the Woman Who Saved the Appalachian Trail. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1613747186. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gallia County Genealogical Socity[dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d "When Grandma Gatewood hiked the Appalachian Trail". Sierra Club. November–December 2002. Retrieved 2009-05-08. When Grandma Gatewood hiked the Appalachian Trail in 1955, she tramped all 2170 miles in tennis shoes, her only shelter an army blanket, a raincoat, ... 
  3. ^ a b c d e Ben Montgomery (2014). Grandma Gatewood's Walk: The Inspiring Story of the Woman Who Saved the Appalachian Trail. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1613747186. 
  4. ^ "SI Vault". Vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 1955-08-15. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  5. ^ Siyapa, Tweeter (2015-03-20). "Traveller Compass: 10 Travelling Phobias You Might Have But You Ignore". Travellercompass.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2015-05-03. 
  6. ^ American Dreams. "Hocking County Tourism Association". Hcta.org. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  7. ^ "Grandma Gatewood Trail - Old Man's Cave to Ash Cave | Logan Ohio Hikes". Trails.com. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  8. ^ "The 2012 Class Of The Appalachian Trail Hall Of Fame | Hiking Around Midstate PA and Beyond: A community blog". witf.org. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  9. ^ "Grandma Gatewood program". Eden Valley Enterprises. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  10. ^ May 1, 2015. "Film highlights first woman to walk Appalachian Trail alone - Chronicle-Telegram". Chronicle.northcoastnow.com. Retrieved 2015-05-03. 

External links[edit]

  • Hiking in Hocking Hills, Ohio