Emmanuel Pelaez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Emmanuel Pelaez
Emmanuel Pelaez.jpg
7th Vice President of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965
President Diosdado Macapagal
Preceded by Diosdado Macapagal
Succeeded by Fernando Lopez
Ambassador of the Philippines to the United States
In office
1986–1992
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
December 30, 1961 – 1963
President Diosdado Macapagal
Preceded by Felixberto Serrano
Succeeded by Salvador P. López
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1967 – September 23, 1972
In office
December 30, 1953 – December 30, 1959
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Misamis Oriental's Lone District
In office
December 30, 1965 – December 30, 1969
Preceded by Vicente de Lara
Succeeded by Pedro Roa
In office
December 30, 1949 – December 30, 1953
Preceded by Pedro Baculio
Succeeded by Ignacio Cruz
Regional Mambabatas Pambansa, Region X
In office
June 12, 1978 – June 5, 1984
Personal details
Born (1915-11-30)November 30, 1915
Medina, Misamis Oriental
Died July 27, 2003(2003-07-27) (aged 87)
Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila
Nationality Filipino
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Edith Fabella
Religion Roman Catholicism

Emmanuel Neri Pelaez (November 30, 1915 – July 27, 2003) was a public servant and Vice-President of the Philippines.

Early life and career[edit]

Pelaez was born in Medina, Misamis Oriental to Gregorio Pelaez, Sr. and Felipa Neri (second wife). He was fourth among eight children between Gregorio and Felipa: Rosario, Concepcion, Gregorio Jr., Emmanuel, Jose Ma., Lourdes, Antonio, and Carmen.[1] He studied in Cagayan de Misamis (former name of Cagayan de Oro) Elementary School where he got the highest honors. He then went to the Ateneo de Manila High School and got his Associate in Arts at the Cebu UP Junior College.

He received his law degree from the University of Manila in 1938, and in the same year topped the Bar examinations. He worked as a Senate Clerk at the Journal Division from 1934 to 1935, Debate Reporter from 1935 to 1937, and court translator from 1937-1938. He was employed as assistant court reporter at the Court of Appeals from 1939 to 1940, then later Special Prosecutor of the People’s Court from 1945 up to 1946. Peláez practiced law and at the same time professor of law at the University of Manila from 1946 up to 1963. In 1949, he was voted Congressman, representing his home province. During his term as representative (1949–53) he was adjudged one of the Ten Outstanding Congressmen by the Congressional Press Club, one of the Ten Most Useful Congressmen by the Philippine Free Press, and one of the two Most Outstanding Congressmen by the League of Women Voters of the Philippines.

Such achievements in the Lower House of Congress literally brought him to the Senate floor in 1953-60. He was unanimously chosen Most Outstanding Senator by two organizations, the League of Women Voters of the Philippines and the Senate Press Club.

Vice-Presidency[edit]

Pelaez was elected Vice President in 1961, simultaneously performing the functions of Foreign Affairs Secretary. He resigned in 1963 as Secretary, after a dispute with the Macapagal administration. In the same year, he was chosen Man of the Year by the Examiner and the following year was adjudged the Most Outstanding Alumnus during the Golden Jubilee Celebration of the University of Manila.

Election to Philippine Congress[edit]

Pelaez was again elected as representative to Congress in 1965. Two years later he held the office being a senator until the September 1972 proclamation of martial law. While he went back to private life and devoted his time to his family and law practice, he nevertheless continued to take an active interest in public affairs. In 1978, the 63-year old lawyer of Misamis Oriental was elected Assemblyman in the Interim Batasang Pambansa and served as Minister of State.

Diplomat[edit]

Pelaez was Chairman and/or ranking member of Philippine delegations to various international conferences among which were: the UN 10th Commemorative Conference at San Francisco in 1955; the UN General Assembly meeting in 1957 and 1962; Interparliamentary Union Conference at London in 1957; in Peru and the Cameroon in 1972. He had been a member, consultant body of the Philippine Delegation to the SEATO in 1963. In 1973, President Marcos designated him as a member of the Philippine panel in the military bases negotiations with the United States. The RP-US Military Bases Negotiation was held in Washington, D.C. in 1975. This was his second time to serve the panel, the first time being in 1956 when he was the spokesman of the panel in the RP-US military bases negotiations then. Peláez served as Philippine ambassador to the United States of America during the Aquino administration. Pelaez served on the Committee of Honor of the Agri-Energy Roundtable (AER)- a United Nations accredited non-governmental organization and participated in the AER's ASEAN agro-industrial regional conference in May 1987 at the Manila Hotel.

Civic leader[edit]

Pelaez involved himself actively in various civic and professional societies. He served as Chairman of the Cadang-Cadang Research Foundation of the Philippines, Inc., the first Filipino scientific research foundation jointly financed by the government and the private sector for the eradication of cadang-cadang, an infectious viral disease which had threatened to wipe out the coconut industry. He also headed the Philippine Coconut Planters Association, Mindanao-Sulu-Palawan Association and the Philippine National Red Cross Fund Drive in Mindanao (1958).

Personal life[edit]

Pelaez married Edith Fabella with whom he has nine children: Emmanuel Jr., Ernesto, Elena, Esperanza, Eloisa, Eduardo, Enrique, Edmundo and Elvira. A failed assassination attempt prompted Pelaez to end his political career and devote his life to Bible studies. He served twice as President of the Philippine Bible Society and Chairman of its Board of Directors, and was later made Honorary President for life by the organization.

He died July 27, 2003 at the Asian Hospital and Medical Center in Muntinlupa City due to cardiac arrest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ What's Happening to Our Country? The Life and Times of Emmanuel Pelaez by Nelson Navarro

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pedro Baculio
Representative, Misamis Oriental
1949–1953
Succeeded by
Ignacio S. Cruz
Preceded by
Senator
1953–1960
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Diosdado Macapagal
Vice President of the Philippines
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965
Succeeded by
Fernando Lopez
Preceded by
Felixberto M. Serrano
Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs
1961–1963
Succeeded by
Salvador Lopez
Preceded by
Vicente Butao De Lara Sr.
Representative, Misamis Oriental
1965–1969
Succeeded by
Pedro M. Roa
Preceded by
?
Senator
1967–1972
Succeeded by
abolished
Preceded by
Assemblyman for Misamis Oriental
1978–1984
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Benjamin Romualdez
Philippine Ambassador to the United States of America
1986–1992
Succeeded by
Raul Rabe