Emmanuel Saez

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Emmanuel Saez
New Keynesian economics
Born (1972-11-26) November 26, 1972 (age 41)
Spain
Nationality French
American
Institution University of California, Berkeley
Field Public economics
Alma mater École Normale Supérieure
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Paris School of Economics
Influences Peter Diamond
Contributions Research on inequality
Awards John Bates Clark Medal (2009)
MacArthur Fellowship (2010)
Information at IDEAS/RePEc

Emmanuel Saez (born November 26, 1972) is a French and American economist who is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley.[1] His work, done with Thomas Piketty, includes tracking the incomes of the poor, middle class and rich around the world. Their work shows that top earners in the United States have taken an increasingly larger share of overall income over the last three decades, with almost as much inequality as before the Great Depression. He recommends much higher taxes on the rich, up to 70% or 90%.[2] He received the John Bates Clark Medal in 2009 and was named a MacArthur Fellow in 2010.

Awards[edit]

John Bates Clark Medal[edit]

He was the recipient of the 2009 John Bates Clark Medal, awarded to "that American economist under the age of forty who is judged to have made the most significant contribution to economic thought and knowledge."[3] Saez's research contributions have been mainly in the field of Public Economics. The 2009 John Bates Clark citation reads:[4]

"[Saez's] work attacks policy questions from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, on the one hand refining the theory in ways that link the characteristics of optimal policy to measurable aspects of the economy and of behavior, while on the other hand undertaking careful and creative empirical studies designed to fill the gaps in measurement identified by the theory. Through a collection of interrelated papers, he has brought the theory of taxation closer to practical policy making, and has helped to lead a resurgence of academic interest in taxation."

MacArthur Fellow[edit]

In 2010, the MacArthur Foundation named Saez a MacArthur Fellow for his research into the connection between income and tax policy.[5]

Research[edit]

Saez has written extensively on the theory of optimal taxation and transfer, addressing topics such as wealth and income inequality, capital income taxation, and retirement. In addition to his theoretical work, he has authored a number of empirical papers, many of them applying the results from his theoretical work to US household data. His focus on the top .1 % of the income and wealth distribution has led to political theories about the "great compression" and the "great divergence."[6][7] It has led to significant research on the consensus about the ideal wealth distribution.

Saez's research on wealth and income inequality has largely focused on households at the top of the wealth and income distributions. These households make up a significant portion of the US tax base.

Conservative critics, such as James Pethokoukis of the American Enterprise Institute, say that Saez and Piketty measure "market income," or total income before tax excluding income from government. Saez describes it as gross income reported on tax returns before any deductions. This excludes unemployment insurance, welfare payments, food stamps, Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security and employer-provided health insurance. Saez says that these are the best data available, measured consistently since 1913. Critics say that they exaggerate inequality.[8]

See Tax Policy and Economic Inequality in the United States for a more detailed summary.

In 2011 he (and Peter Diamond) argued in public media widely discussed paper[9] that the right marginal tax rate for North Atlantic societies and especially the United States to impose is 73% (rather than according to Saez/Diamond in case of the U.S. 42,5%).[10]

Personal[edit]

Saez has been described as an "easygoing" person who loves surfing.[11] He has reportedly resisted overtures from the economics departments at the University of Chicago, Harvard University, and his alma mater MIT.[citation needed]

References[edit]

External links[edit]