Emmerich am Rhein
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
Emmerich am Rhein as seen from the east
|• Mayor||Johannes Diks (CDU)|
|• Total||80.11 km2 (30.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||370/km2 (970/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0 28 22
0 28 28 (Elten)
Emmerich am Rhein; Dutch: Emmerik aan de Rijn, meaning Emmerich on the Rhine is a city on the lower part of the River Rhine in the northwest of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. In terms of local government organization, it is a medium-sized city belonging to the district of Kleve in the administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) of Düsseldorf.
Emmerich lies on the north bank of the Rhine, just inside the German border; it is only 4 km to the Netherlands to the north and 5 km to the west. It is therefore the last German town on the Rhine before the river flows into the Netherlands.
The municipalities which comprise Emmerich are Borghees, Dornick, Elten, Hüthum, Klein-Netterden, Speelberg, Praest, Vrasselt and Leegmeer.
Neighboring Municipalities and Cities
To the north, the city of Emmerich borders the Dutch municipalities of Montferland and Oude IJsselstreek, both of which are in the Dutch province of Gelderland. To the east, it is bordered by the German city of Rees. To the south, it is bordered by the Rhine, and south of the river, by the German city of Kleve. To the west, it is bordered by the Dutch municipalities of Rijnwaarden and Zevenaar, both of which are also in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
The collegiate church St. Martinikirche was constructed in 1040.
On May 31, 1233 Count Otto von Zutphen and Gelder arose to the royalty of the prosperous city with the authorization of the Roman Emperor Frederick II and the German King Henry (VII) Emmerich. Emmerich became a member of the Hanseatic League at the end of the 14th century.
Since 1 February 2001 the city is called Emmerich am Rhein, until then it was called Emmerich.
On November 28, 2004 the four Catholic congregations of the city (St. Martini, St. Aldegundis, Heilig-Geist and Liebfrauen) combined to form the new city parish St. Christophorus.
Municipality and County Reform
As a part of the 1st municipal restructuring program, the municipalities of Borghees, Dornick, Hüthum, Klein-Netterden, Praest and Vrasselt were integrated into the city of Emmerich on July 1, 1969. In the course of the 2nd restructuring program, the municipality of Elten was integrated as well, on January 1, 1975.
Places of interest
Holy Ghost Church This Catholic church was built in 1966 and is especially striking due to its version of the cross made of scrap metal and the Stations of the Cross made of linen. The architectural development during the time of the Second Vatican Council shaped the design of the church.
Rhine Bridge This bridge, which connects Emmerich on the north of the Rhine with Kleve on the south, was opened in 1965, and with a length of 1228 meters and a span of 500 meters it is the longest suspension bridge in Germany. Approximately 500 ships pass underneath it every day.
Rhine Museum. In the Rhine Museum, 130 ship models are exhibited, as well as a radar unit, examples of fish taxidermy, maps of the Rhine, a historic Christophorus figurine and a library of the city’s history. In addition there is a one-man U-Boat from World War II and exhibitions regarding shipping on the Rhine, the history of the city and fisheries.
PAN-Art Forum/Poster Museum. The famous poster collection is displayed in the former Lohmann chocolate factory in rotating exhibits.
Emmerich station is located about 1 km southeast of the city center on the double-track electrified “Holland Route,” which plays an important role in passenger travel and commercial transport and is therefore treated in the EU as a part of the Trans-European Network in the category “priority projects which should be begun before 2010.” In addition to the ICE International from Amsterdam to Frankfurt am Main, the night train CityNightLine to southern Germany, Austria and to Switzerland travels through here with a stop in Emmerich.
With regards to regional rail transport, the following trains pass through Emmerich, in general every hour:
- the Rhein-Express (RE5) from Emmerich to Koblenz and
- the Regional Train Der Weseler (RB35) from Emmerich to Duisburg, and at rush hour to Düsseldorf.
There is another station located on the same line near Emmerich, the stop Praest, which is only served by the Regional Train Der Weseler (RB 35).
- The River Rhine
- The Municipal Rhine Harbour of Emmerich
- Rainer Bonhof, a former footballer for the German national team, was born in Emmerich.
- Wilhelm Normann, the inventor of fat hardening by hydrogenation.
- Nico Hülkenberg, 2009 GP2 champion and F1 driver for Williams in 2010, Force India in 2012, Sauber in 2013 and Force India in 2014.
- Heinrich Ernst Göring, Reichkommissar for German South-West Africa, father of Hermann Göring.
Emmerich am Rhein is twinned with:
- King's Lynn, United Kingdom, since 1978
- Šilutė, Lithuania, since 1990
- Kirkland, United States, since 1995
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013.
- Royal Air Force Bomber Command. Campaign Diary October 1944
- Friedrich, Jörg: The fire. The bombing of Germany, 1940-1945. Columbia University Press, New York 2008, ISBN 978-0-231-13381-4, p. 115
- Schnatz, Helmut: Die Zerstörung der deutschen Städte und die Opfer. in: Hessische Landeszentrale für politische Bildung: Der Bombenkrieg und seine Opfer, Polis Nr. 39, Frankfurt am Main 2004 p. 44, PDF
- Stadtinformation - Daten und Fakten Stadt Emmerich
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.