Emmor Cope

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Emmor Bradley[1] Cope
Born July 23, 1834[2]
East Bradford, Chester County, PA[3]
Died May 28, 1927[2]
Baltimore St, Gettysburg, PA
Interment Evergreen Cemetery, Adams Co, PA[2] (39°49′13″N 77°13′49″W / 39.820391°N 77.230196°W / 39.820391; -77.230196)
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Union Army
Years of service June 4, 1861 - June 26, 1865[3]
(Sergeant: June 10, 1861;
artillery Corporal: April 1862;
commissioned April 25, 1864;
Capt of Engineers: April 20, 1864)[4]
Rank Union army maj rank insignia.jpg Major: February 9, 1865
Union army lt col rank insignia.jpg (Bvt Lt Col: June 26, 1865)[4]
Battles 26[2]
Other work 1861: machinist, Copesville, PA
1893 July: Topographic Engineer[3]
Chief of Engineers, GNPC
1st Superintendent, GNMP

1927: oldest US Civil Service employee

Emmor Cope was an American Civil War officer of the Union Army noted for the "Map of the Battlefield of Gettysburg from the original survey made August to October, 1863"[5] which he researched by horseback as a Sergeant[6] after being ordered back to Gettysburg by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade.[1] Cope is also noted for commemorative era battlefield administration and designs—including the layout of the 1913 Gettysburg reunion. Cope had enlisted as a Private of Company A, 30th Pennsylvania Infantry[3] ("First Pennsylvania Reserves"),[7] served as an artillery corporal,[4] and mustered out as a V Corps aide-de-camp of Maj Gen Gouverneur K. Warren.[2]

On July 17, 1893,[8] Cope was appointed the "Topographical Engineer" of the Gettysburg National Park Commission[9] (established for "ascertaining the extent of ... the trolley")[10] and oversaw the 1893-5 battlefield survey with benchmark at the Gettysburg center square.[8]:7 By 1904,[8]:103 Cope was the first park superintendent[2] and, after the commission became defunct in March 1922 when the last commissioner died, became the battlefield head[3] through the remainder of the commemorative era of the Gettysburg National Military Park. Cope's designs include structures (e.g., the original park "gateway"),[3] markers (1908 GNMP bronze tablet/granite monolith),[11] buildings (the 1903 Roller and Storage Building),[12] roads (Cross, Brooke, and De Trobriand avenues), and the observation tower at Gettysburg and Valley Forge. He oversaw the development of post-war maps drawn by GNPC cartographer Schuyler A. Hammond, as well as a 14 ft (4.3 m) wooden relief map of the battlefield by J. C. Wierman for the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition[8]:98 (on display at the Gettysburg Museum and Visitor Center).

Emmor Cope is buried with his wife along the outside of the Gettysburg National Cemetery fence near the New York State Memorial, and had a daughter and son: http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=fs49AAAAIBAJ&sjid=ODcMAAAAIBAJ&pg=6087,4438404&dq=wible+switch+gettysburg&hl=en Jean Wible,] John B. Cope (1877-1903). Cope's 1996 biography is If You Seek His Monument- Look Around: E.B. Cope and the Gettysburg National Military Park.

Designs[edit]

Over 40 historic district contributing structures were designed by Emmor Cope:

.
External images
1904 Gettysburg relief map by Cope

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adams County". Pennsylvania. NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces.com. Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Cope [gravestone]" (Gordon Jones FindAGrave image). Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Col. E. B. Cope Dies Suddenly Saturday Evening; Ill 8 Months". Gettysburg Times. May 30, 1927. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  4. ^ a b c Hannum, Curtis H (1911), Genealogy of the Hannum Family..., West Chester, Pennsylvania 
  5. ^ "The Exhibit to Worlds Fair" (Google News Archive). Gettysburg Compiler. March 30, 1904. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  6. ^ McElfresh Map Company (1994). Gettysburg Battlefield, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863 (Map). A Civil War Watercolor Map Series. ISBN 978-1-885294-33-3. http://www.colemanworks.net/pdf/mcelfresh.pdf. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  7. ^ Reed, Charles Wellington; Campbell, Eric A. A Grand Terrible Dramma (Google Books). Retrieved 2011-02-14. 
  8. ^ a b c d Annual Reports of the Gettysburg National Military Park Commission (Report). Government Printing Office. 1905. http://books.google.com/books?id=cT5ZAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA98. Retrieved 2011-02-14. "14 feet long by 10 1/2 feet wide, and ... 9 feet 2 1/3 inches by 12 feet 8 inches."
  9. ^ "Credit for Battlefield Here Goes to Nicholson and Cope; Both Veterans" (Google News Archive). Star and Sentinel. July 9, 1938. Retrieved 2011-02-12. The [Gettysburg National Park] commission ceased to exist on the death of Colonel Nicholson. 
  10. ^ "The Invasion of Gettysburg". The New York Times. June 4, 1893. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  11. ^ "Gettysburg National Military Park Marker" (HMdb.org webpage for marker 14520). War Department. 1908. Retrieved 2011-02-08.  (NPS webpage, MN508)
  12. ^ "Roller and Storage Building". List of Classified Structures, p. 13. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 1 story U-shaped flat-slope hot-tar roof. Projecting center on N elev. w/ 2 wd arched garage bay openings framing single entry, enframed w/ brick banding. Pronounced wdw bays w/ single lights in ea bay. Topped w/ corbelled cornice. Overall 73'x49'.