Emneth

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Emneth Primary
St Edmund, Emneth, Norfolk.jpg
Parish church of Saint Edmund, Emneth, Norfolk
Emneth Primary is located in Norfolk
Emneth Primary
Emneth Primary
 Emneth Primary shown within Norfolk
Population 2,466 (parish, 2001 census)
OS grid reference TF5103
   – London  99.6 miles (160.3 km) 
Civil parish Emneth
District King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WISBECH
Postcode district PE14
Dialling code 01945
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°38′33″N 0°12′33″E / 52.64257°N 0.20913°E / 52.64257; 0.20913

Emneth is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.[1] The village is 58 miles (93 km) west of Norwich, 15.4 miles (24.8 km) south-west of King's Lynn and 99.6 miles (160.3 km) north of London. The nearest town is Wisbech which is 3.3 miles (5.3 km) north-north-west of the village. The Village lies to the south-west of the route of the A47[2] between Peterborough and King's Lynn. The nearest railway station is at Downham Market for the Fen Line which runs between King's Lynn and Cambridge. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. The parish of Emneth in the 2001 census, has a population of 2,466. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk.

Description[edit]

This fenland village and parish is on the border with the county of Cambridgeshire in the south west of Norfolk. The village is located south of Walsoken and north of Outwell. Within the parish boundaries of Emneth there are also the settlements of Emneth Hungate and Holly End. Over the years the meaning of the name Emneth[3] has been debated. It is derived from old English and therefore probably has Saxon origins, and may have the meanings of smooth meadow, junction of streams on the River Aemenan, river confluence belonging to Eana or mowing grass meadow. The Hungate suffix suggests this area may have been associated with the keeping or rearing of hounds. The village is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. This may well be because the village was valued with another parish and not named. There is evidence for activity in the parish from the Roman period and metal detectorists have found many medieval and post medieval finds.

History[edit]

The earliest mention of Emneth is in documents dating back to 1170 giving proof that a village was settled in the parish by this date. The parish church of Saint Edmund's was built in the 12th century[4] and extended dramatically in the 13th century.[4] It remains a large and imposing building. Other buildings from the medieval period which stood in the parish have been demolished. Hagbeach Hall a medieval hall was demolished in 1887, although its 17th-century stables remain and has been converted into a house. The medieval hall on the site of 17th-century Oxburgh Hall[4] was also demolished when the new hall was built. Other buildings have disappeared. Emneth was also recorded in a document in 1389 but this document's location has since been lost. Other sites have lost their names and sense of importance. A medieval moated site has been recorded and a seal used by Pope Innocent III to secure documents was found there along with other finds which included a medieval seals matrices, a horse harness pendant and medieval coins. Within the parish other more domestic sites with less status have also been identified. Medieval hearths were excavated along with many medieval finds including pottery, coins and personal objects. These include a spectacular strap end with the initials S and J. The number of items recovered at this site suggests that this was an area of substantial medieval settlement.

Prominent buildings[edit]

Saint Edmund Parish Church[edit]

This parish church built of stone sits on the bend of the main road. The tower, porch, and nave with its aisles and clerestory are all built in the perpendicular style.[5] There is a sanctus bellcote which has six bells,[6] on the east gable of the nave. Crowning the nave, with its arcades of six bays is a 15th-century roof. Angels adorn its tiebeams and hammerbeams, and figures of the apostles with others carved in the wall posts. The chancel screen dates from the 15th century[5] and has the remains of old painting and gilding and in the north aisle windows in glass as old as the screen are of more angels. The chancel is 13th century[5] and the east window is a fine trinity of lancets reaching up to the roof. The rood-stairs are in a turret by the chancel arch, and there is a simple 15th-century[5] font. The oldest memorials are coffin-lids, one with a border and a cross of leaves. Only the matrix is left of the 11-foot-long (3.4 m) brass of a cross-legged knight dressed in chain mail of about 1300.[5] Sir Thomas Hewar, who died in 1631,[5] planned for himself the fine alabaster tomb on which he lies in gold and white armour and a ruff, with his wife in a black gown and ruff. He had paid Nicholas Stone a London Mason the huge sum of £95[5] for the tomb in 1617. At their feet lies a sleeping child.

Emneth railway station[edit]

Further information: Emneth railway station

Emneth had a railway station which served the village, situated in Station Road and accessed from the village via Ladys Drove. The station was opened in 1848 as an extension of the East Anglian Railway's line from Magdalen Road station (now known as Watlington) to Wisbech East. The station's location, like that of the neighbouring Middle Drove station, was fairly rural and the line eventually closed in 1968, a casualty of the Beeching Axe.[7] In October 1942, a hoard of Roman silver coins together with fragments of an urn in which they were stored was found near the station.[8] Emneth's station building survived closure, and has since been converted into a private residence.

Notable residents[edit]

The Reverend W. V. Awdry[edit]

The Reverend Wilbert Awdry, the author of The Railway Series books, and creator of Thomas the Tank Engine, was Vicar of Emneth between 1953 and 1965. Many of his books were written in the old vicarage in Emneth.

Tony Martin[edit]

Further information: Tony Martin (farmer)

In 1999 Tony Martin was living in an isolated farmhouse in Emneth Hungate, Norfolk, nicknamed "Bleak House". He claimed to have been burgled several times, losing £6,000 worth of furniture. Martin also complained about police inaction over the burglaries. Police sources, however, have expressed doubts that all these incidents took place.[9] On the night of 20 August 1999, two burglars - Brendon Fearon, 29, and Fred Barras, 16, entered Bleak House.[10] When confronted, they attempted to flee through a window, but were shot by Martin, Fearon in the leg, and Barras in the back. Fearon was able to leave and obtain aid from a couple that lived near the house. He was then taken into hospital, where he was treated. Martin subsequently left the farm and fled to his mother's house, where he hid the firearm. Later that evening, he arrived at a local inn and stayed for the night. Barras was later found dead on the grounds by a police dog. On 23 August 1999, Martin was charged with the murder of Barras, the attempted murder of Fearon, "wounding with intent to cause injury" to Fearon, and "possessing a firearm with intent to endanger life".[10] The jury at the trial were told that they had the option of returning a verdict of manslaughter rather than murder, if they thought that Martin "did not intend to kill or cause serious bodily harm".[11] However, they found Martin guilty of murder by a 10 to 2 majority.[12] He was sentenced to life in prison, the mandatory sentence for murder under English law.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey (2006). OS Explorer Map 228 – March & Ely. ISBN 0-319-23802-4
  2. ^ County A to Z Atlas, Street & Road maps Norfolk, page 230 ISBN 978-1-84348-614-5
  3. ^ A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names: by James Rye: Published by Larks press, Dereham, Norfolk, 2000 ; ISBN 0-948400-15-3
  4. ^ a b c Norfolk 2: Norfolk: North-west and South, By Nikolaus Pevsner and Bill Wilson, Emneth entry. 0-300-09657-7
  5. ^ a b c d e f g The King's England series, NORFOLK, by Arthur Mee,Pub:Hodder and Stoughton,1972, page 87 Emneth, ISBN 0-340-15061-0
  6. ^ church bells
  7. ^ Oppitz, Leslie (1999). Lost Railways of East Anglia (Lost Railways). Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. p. 19. ISBN 1-85306-595-1. 
  8. ^ Wright (1946). "Roman Britain in 1945: I. Sites Explored: II. Inscriptions". The Journal of Roman Studies. 36, Parts 1 and 2: 133–148. JSTOR 298046. 
  9. ^ Gillan, Audrey (2000-04-20). "Bleak world of the loner who killed". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  10. ^ a b "Timeline: The Tony Martin case". BBC News. 2003-07-28. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  11. ^ "A victim, not a hero". The Guardian. 2003-07-29. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  12. ^ "Farmer guilty of murdering burglar". BBC News. 2000-04-20. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Emneth at Wikimedia Commons