Emory Richard Johnson (22 March 1864 in Waupun, Wisconsin – 1950) was a United States economist who specialized in transportation issues.
He studied at University of Wisconsin (1888) and University of Pennsylvania (Ph.D., 1893). He was instructor of economics at Haverford College 1893-96. He became professor of transportation and commerce at the University of Pennsylvania in 1896, and was dean of its Wharton School 1919-1933. He served as expert on transportation (1899) on the United States Industrial Commission, and was a member on valuation of railway property for the United States Census Bureau (1904–05), and as expert on traffic on the National Waterways Commission of 1909. In 1911 he furnished a report on Panama Canal traffic, etc., for U.S. President William Howard Taft, and in 1907 arbitrated the dispute between the Southern Pacific Company and the Order of Railroad Telegraphers. He was director of the Bureau of Municipal Research, Philadelphia, and director of the Philadelphia Maritime Exchange.
- Inland Waterways; their Relation to Transportation (1893)
- American Railway Transportation (1903)
- Elements of Transportation (1906)
- Railroad Traffic and Rates (1911)
- Panama Canal Traffic and Tolls (1912)
- Measurement of Vessels for the Panama Canal (1913)
- The Panama Canal and Commerce (1916)
- Principles of Railroad Transportation (1916)
He wrote many papers on the economics of railroads, etc. He was editor of the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science from 1901-14.