Emotional reasoning

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Emotional reasoning is a cognitive process that occurs when a person believes that what he or she is feeling is true regardless of a presented evidence.

Emotional reasoning amplifies the effects of other cognitive distortions. For example, a test-taker may feel insecure about her understanding of the material even though she is perfectly capable of answering the questions. If she acts on her insecurity about failing the written test she might assume that she misunderstands the material and guess at answers randomly. Thus she creates a self-fulfilling prophecy of failure. The same case applies to situations where the person cannot answer questions using conscious logic and instead gives an answer by using intuitions that are based on subconscious memories.

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