|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||October 12, 1006|
|Birthplace||Tsuchimikado Tei (土御門邸), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)|
|Died||May 15, 1036 (aged 29)|
|Place of death||Seiryō Den (清涼殿) in Dairi (内裏), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)|
|Buried||Bodaijuin no misasagi (菩提樹院陵) (Kyoto)|
|Mother||Fujiwara no Shōshi|
Go-Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 1016 through 1036.
This 11th century sovereign was named after Emperor Ichijō and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor Ichijō". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Ichijō, the second."
Atsuhira was the second son of Emperor Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. In her later years, Ichijō's chūgo consort was known as Jōtō-mon In (上東門院).
Events of Go-Ichijō's life
Atsuhira-shinnō was used as a pawn in Imperial court politics when he was only a child.
- 1012 (Chōwa 1, 8th month): Prince Atsuhira marries a daughter of sesshō and later kampaku Fujiwara no Michinaga.
- March 10, 1016 (Chōwa 5, 29th day of the 1st month): In the 5th year of Emperor Sanjō's reign (三条天皇5年), he abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Ichijō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
- June 5, 1017 (Kannin 1, 9th day of the 5th month): The former-Emperor Sanjō died at the age of 41.
- 1017 (Kannin 1, 8th month): Prince Atsuakira, the eldest son of Emperor Sanjo, had been named Crown Prince. But after he is struck by a skin disease and intense pressure from Michinaga; he withdrew from this role and his younger brother, Prince Atsunaga, was named Crown Prince in his place.
- 1017 (Kannin 1, 9th month): Michinaga made a pilgrimage to the Iwashimizu Shrine accompanied by many courtiers. The travelers divided themselves amongst 15 boats for a floating trip down the Yotogawa River. One of the vessels overturned, and more than 30 people lost their lives.
- 1017 (Kannin 1, 12th month): Michinaga was elevated to the office of Daijō-Diajin.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Ichijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Sesshō, Fujiwara Michinaga, 966–1027.
- Sesshō, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.
- Kampaku, Fujiwara Yorimichi.
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Michinaga.
- Daijō-daijin, Kan'in Kinsue, 956–1029.
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara Michinaga.
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara Akimitsu, 944–1021.
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.
- Nadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.
Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign
Consort and children
Go-Ichijō had one Empress and two Imperial daughters.
- Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王) (Nijō-In, 二条院) (1026–1105), Empress (chūgū) to Emperor Go-Reizei
- Imperial Princess Kaoruko/Keishi (馨子内親王) (1029–1093), Empress (chūgū) to Emperor Go-Sanjō
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後一条天皇 (68)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 74.
- Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307–310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156–159., p. 156, at Google Books
- Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- Varley, p. 195
- Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 307.
- Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 309.
- Titsingh, p. 154.
- Titsingh, pp. 155–156; Brown, p. 307; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Brown, pp. 308–309; Varley, p. 195.
- Brown, p. 310.
- Titsingh, p. 156.
- Titsingh, p. 157.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
- Brown, p. 308-309.
- Brown, p. 309.
- Titsingh, p. 156-159; Brown, p. 310.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0-231-04940-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
|Emperor of Japan: