Emperor Go-Kashiwabara

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Go-Kashiwabara
Emperor of Japan
Reign November 16, 1500 – May 19, 1526
Born November 19, 1462
Died May 19, 1526 (aged 63)
Buried Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Go-Tsuchimikado
Successor Go-Nara

Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (後柏原天皇 Go-Kashiwabara-tennō) (November 19, 1464 – May 19, 1526) was the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from November 16, 1500 to May 19, 1526. His personal name was Katsuhito (勝仁). His reign marked the nadir of Imperial authority during the Ashikaga shogunate.[1]

Genealogy[edit]

He was the first son of Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado. His mother was Niwata (Fujiwara) Asako (庭田(源)朝子), the daughter of Niwata Nagakata (庭田長賢).

  • Lady-in-waiting: Kajūji? (Fujiwara) Fujiko (勧修寺(藤原)藤子)
    • First daughter: Princess ?? (覚鎮女王)
    • Second son: Imperial Prince Tomohito (知仁親王) (Emperor Go-Nara)
    • Fifth son: Imperial Prince Kiyohiko (清彦親王)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Niwata (Minamoto) Motoko (庭田(源)源子)
    • Third son: Prince Kakudō (覚道法親王) (Buddhist Priest)
    • Second daughter: Princess Kakuon (覚音女王)
    • Sixth son: Imperial Prince ?? (寛恒親王)
  • Handmaid (?): Takakura (Fujiwara) ?? (高倉(藤原)継子)
    • Fourth son: ?? (道喜)

Events of Go-Kashiwabara's life[edit]

In 1500, he became Emperor upon the death of his father, the Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado. However, because of the aftereffects of the Ōnin War, the Imperial Family was left so impoverished, that he was unable to perform the formal coronation ceremony.[2] On the 3rd month, 22nd day of 1521, thanks to contributions from Honganji Jitsunyo本願寺実如 (Rennyo's son) and the Muromachi Bakufu, the Emperor was finally able to carry out this ceremony.

Because of the Ōnin War, the scattering of the Court Nobility, and the poverty of the Imperial Court, the Emperor's authority fell to a low point.

  • Bunki 1 (1501): The former Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimura was exiled; and he retired to Suō Province. The former shogun lived in exile in the home of the daimyo of that han. He changed his name to Ashikaga Yoshitane. He had many supporters, and he summoned the military forces of western Japan to come to his aid. Hosokawa Masamoto was made master of all the provinces which encircled the Kinai.[3]
  • Bunki 2, in the 7th month (1502): Minamoto Yoshitane was elevated to the 2nd tier of the 4th class of kuge officials; and he expressed thanks to the emperor for that honor. In the same month, the name of Ashikaga Yoshitaka was changed to that of Yoshizumi.[4]
  • Bunki 3 (1503): There was a great drought in the summer of this year.[4]
  • Eishō 5, in the 1st month (1508): A new revolt in Miyako and the assassination of Hosokawa Masamoto encouraged former-Shogun Ashikaga Yoshitane in believing that this would be a good opportunity to re-take Miyako. He assembled his troops and marched at their head towards the capital; and by the 6th month of Eishō 5, he was once more in command of the streets of Miyako. Starting in 1508, Yoshitane is known as the Muromachi period's 10th shogun[5]
  • Daiei 5, on the 1st day of the 1st month (1525): All ceremonies in the court were suspended because of the lack of funds to support them.[6]
  • Daiei 6, on the 7th day of the 4th month (1525): Go-Kashiwabara died at the age of 63 years. He had reigned 26 years; that is, his reign lasted 3 years in the nengō Bunki, 17 years in the nengō Eishō, and 6 years in the nengo Daiei. The emperor was found dead in his archives.[6]

Emperor Go-Kashiwabara is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (深草北陵) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.[7]

Kugyō[edit]

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Kashiwabara's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Kashiwabara's reign[edit]

The years of Go-Kashiwabara's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.

Notes[edit]

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 364–372.
  2. ^ Titsingh, pp. 363–364; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 364.
  4. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 365.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 367.
  6. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 372.
  7. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado
Emperor of Japan:
Go-Kashiwabara

1500–1526
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Nara