|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||December 14, 1009|
|Birthplace||Heian Kyō (Kyōto)|
|Died||February 7, 1045 (aged 37)|
|Place of death||Higashi-sanjō Tei (東三条第), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)|
|Buried||Enjō-ji no misasagi (円乗寺陵) (Kyōto)|
|Mother||Fujiwara no Shōshi|
Go-Suzaku's reign spanned the years from 1036 through 1045.
This 11th-century sovereign was named after the 10th-century Emperor Suzaku and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor Suzaku". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Suzaku, the second" or as "Suzaku II."
Go-Suzaku had five Empresses and seven Imperial sons.
Events of Go-Suzaku's life
- May 15, 1036 (Chōgen 9, 17th day of the 4th month) : In the 9th year of Emperor Go-Ichijō's reign (後一条天皇9年), he died; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a his son.
- 1036 (Chōgen 9, 7th month): Emperor Go-Suzaku is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
- February 5, 1045 (Kantoku 2, 16th day of the 1st month): Emperor Go-Suzaku abdicated.
- February 7, 1045 (Kantoku 2, 18th day of the 1st month): The former-Emperor Go-Suzaku died at the age of 37. His reign has lasted nine years—five in the nengō Chōryaku, four in Chōkyu, and 2 in Kantoku.
Go-Suzaku is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji Temple in Kyoto.
The specific mound which commemorates the Hosokawa Emperor Go-Suzaku is today named Shu-zan.
The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble in the period after Go-Suzaku died.
These tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th century restoration of imperial sepulchers (misasagi) which were ordered by Emperor Meiji.
The final resting place of Emperor Go-Suzaku's consort, Teishi Nai-shinnō (1013–1094), is here as well.
Kugyō (公卿?) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Suzaku's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.
- Nadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.
Eras of Go-Suzaku's reign
Consorts and children
Crown Princess (died before Emperor's accession): Fujiwara no Yoshiko/Kishi (藤原嬉子), 4th daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga
- Imperial Prince Chikahito (親仁親王) (Emperor Go-Reizei) (1025–1068)
- Imperial Prince Takahito (尊仁親王) (Emperor Go-Sanjō) (1034–1073)
- Imperial Princess Nagako/Ryōshi (良子内親王) (1029–1077) – Saiō at Ise Shrine 1036–1045 (Ippon-Jusangū, 一品准三宮)
- Imperial Princess Yoshiko/Kenshi (娟子内親王) (1032–1103) – Saiin at Kamo Shrine 1036–1045, and later married to Minamoto no Toshifusa (源俊房)
- Imperial Princess Sukeko/Yūshi (祐子内親王) (1038–1105) – (Sanpon-Jusangū, 三品准三宮)
- Imperial Princess Miwako/Baishi (禖子内親王) (Rokujō Saiin, 六条斎院) (1039–1096) – Saiin at Kamo Shrine 1046–1058
Nyōgo: Fujiwara no Nariko/Seishi (藤原生子) (1014–1068), eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原教通)
Nyōgo: Fujiwara Nobuko/Enshi (藤原延子) (1016–1095), 2nd daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimune (藤原頼宗)
- Imperial Princess Masako/Seishi (正子内親王) (Oshinokōji-Saiin, 押小路斎院) (1045–1114) – Saiin at Kamo Shrine 1058–1069
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後朱雀天皇 (69)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 75.
- Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 310–311; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 160–162., p. 160, at Google Books
- Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- Brown, p. 310; Varley, p. 197.
- Titsingh, p. 160.
- Brown, p. 311.
- Brown, p. 310; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Titsingh, p. 160; Varley, p. 44.
- Titsingh, p. 162; Brown, p. 311.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
- The "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji are the burial places of Uda, Kazan, Ichijō, Go-Suzaku, Go-Reizei, Go-Sanjō, and Horikawa.
- Moscher, G. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide, pp. 277–278.
- Titsingh, p. 160-162.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Moscher, Gouverneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide. 10-ISBN 0804812942/13-ISBN 9780804812948; OCLC 4589403
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0-231-04940-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
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