|Chai Zongxun / Guo Zongxun|
|Emperor Gong of (Later) Zhou (more...)|
|3rd and last Emperor of Later Zhou|
|Reign||28 July 959 – 3 February 960|
|Predecessor||Chai Rong (Emperor Shizong), father|
|Regent||Empress Dowager Fu, stepmother|
|Father||Chai Rong (Emperor Shizong)|
14 September 953|
Chanzhou, Later Zhou (today's Qingfeng County, Henan)
|Burial||in today's Xinzheng, Henan|
Chai Zongxun (柴宗訓) or Guo Zongxun (郭宗訓) (14 September 953 – 973), also known by his posthumous name Gongdi (恭帝; "Emperor Gong"), was the third and last emperor of ancient China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from July 959, when he succeeded his father Chai Rong, until February 960, when he was overthrown by general Zhao Kuangyin, who founded the Song Dynasty.
Gongdi was sent away with his mother to Xijing (西京). Despite assurance by Emperor Taizu that the Chai family would be treated with respect, Gongdi was killed in 973 by Xin Wenyue, an official trying to gain favour with the emperor. Upon hearing the news, Emperor Taizu ordered a period of mourning and buried the dethroned emperor next to Emperor Shizong's tomb.
Notes and references
- Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-44515-5.
- (Chinese) Xue Juzheng et al., eds. (974). Wudai Shi (五代史) [History of the Five Dynasties].
- (Chinese) Ouyang Xiu (1073). Wudai Shiji (五代史記) [Historical Records of the Five Dynasties].
- (Chinese) Sima Guang (1086). Zizhi Tongjian (資治通鑑) [Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government].
House of Chai (954–960)Born: 953 Died: 973
Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou
|Emperor of the Later Zhou
Emperor Taizu (Song Dynasty)
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