Emperor Jingzong of Liao

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Emperor Jingzong of Liao
Emperor of Liao Dynasty
Reign 13 March 969 – 13 October 982
Predecessor Emperor Muzong
Successor Emperor Shengzong
Empress Xiao Yanyan
Imperial Concubine Consort Bohai (渤海妃)
Issue
  • Yelü Longxu (Emperor Shengzong), son
  • Yelü Longqing (耶律隆慶), son
  • Yelü Longyou (耶律隆祐), son
  • Yelü Yaoshinu (耶律藥師奴), son
  • Yelü Guanyinnü (耶律觀音女), daughter
  • Yelü Changshounü (耶律長壽女), daughter
  • Yelü Yanshounü (耶律延壽女), daughter
  • Yelü Shuge (耶律淑哥), daughter
Full name
Clan name: Yelü
Khitan name: Xianning Mingyi (·)
Chinese name: Yēlǜ Xián ()
Era dates
Bǎoníng () 969–979
Qiánhēng () 979–982
Posthumous name
Xiàochéng Kāngjìng Emperor (皇帝)
Temple name
Jǐngzōng ()
Father Emperor Shizong of Liao
Mother Xiao Sagezhi
Born (948-09-01)1 September 948
Died 13 October 982(982-10-13) (aged 34)

The Emperor Jingzong of Liao (Chinese: 辽景宗; pinyin: Liáo Jǐngzōng) (September 1, 948 – October 13, 982), born as Yelü Xian (Chinese: 耶律賢; pinyin: Yēlǜ Xián), was an emperor of the Liao Dynasty and reigned from March 13, 969 to October 13, 982.

Yēlǜ Zōngzhēn succeeded Muzong in 969 after Muzong was murdered in a hunting trip. He had support from both Khitan and Han officials.

Emperor Jingzong made several important contributions to Liao Dynasty. He started to use Han officials in the government, appointing one as the Minister of Southern Affairs and the Duke of Qin. This allowed the government to run more efficiently and sped up the transformation of Liao society into a feudal society.

He cracked down on corruption in the government, firing those who were bribed or incompetent. Jingzong also accepted criticisms willingly. He stopped hunting frequently after an official made a connection between hunting and Muzong's death, and Jingzong began to prepare war against his southern neighbors.

Military Campaigns[edit]

Jingzong's first conflict with Song dynasty came with the Song's invasion of Northern Han Dynasty. However, the Liao reinforcements were destroyed by a Song army, and Song later destroyed the Northern Han. The Song army followed up the victory with an attack on the Liao city of Beijing. However, the Liao army completely routed the Song, and Song Taizong fled the battlefield.

Several battles followed, with a stalemate between the Liao and Song.

Emperor Jingzong later died on his way back from a hunting trip.

Sources[edit]

Emperor Jingzong of Liao
House of Yelü (916–1125)
Born: 948 Died: 982
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Muzong
Emperor of the Liao Dynasty
969–982
Succeeded by
Emperor Shengzong