Emperor Lizong of Song

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Zhao Yun 趙昀
Emperor of Southern Song Dynasty
宋理宗.jpg
Reign 17 September 1224 – 16 November 1264
Spouse Empress Xie Daoqing 謝道清
Posthumous name
Emperor Jiandao Biade Daigong Fuxian Liwen Renwu Shenming Anxiao 建道備德大功復興烈文仁武聖明安孝皇帝
Temple name
Lizong 理宗
Father Zhao Qilao 趙希瓐
Born 26 January 1205
Died 16 November 1264 (aged 59)

Emperor Lizong (Wade-Giles spelling: Emperor Li-tsung; Chinese: 理宗; 1205–1264) was the 14th emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the fifth emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Yun (趙昀). He reigned from 1224 to 1264. His temple name means "Reasonable Ancestor". Although a descendant of Song founder Emperor Taizu and henceforth considered a part of the Zhao Song royal family, Lizong was not in line to succeed to the throne as his family held no political status. Shi Miyuan 史彌遠, who was the state chancellor for many years collaborated with the Dowager Empress Yang and brought Zhao Yun to the throne.

Lizong's long reign of forty years did little to improve the predicament Song China was in at the time. Lizong was uninterested in governmental affairs and for the first decade of his rule he delegated matters into the hands of his ministers notably Shi Miyuan who acted as a de facto ruler in the absence of the Lizong Emperor. After Shi's death in 1233, Lizong assumed full authority briefly but again quickly abandoned the responsibility of ruling and delegated matters to his prime minister Ding Da Quan in order to pursue personal enjoyment. It was said that Lizong frequented brothels as well as invited prostitutes into the palace which was vehemently opposed by his loyal ministers.

Notable events during Lizong's reign included the demise of the Jin dynasty in 1234 that was obliterated by the joint forces of the Mongols and the Southern Song Dynasty. The Jin had fought multiple wars against the Song decades before it was conquered by the Mongols. However in 1259, the Mongols turned against the Southern Song. The Song was forced to capitulate and ceded all the territories north of the Yangtze River to the Mongols. In 1279, the Mongols would eventually conquer all of China.

Lizong died childless and he was succeeded by his nephew, Emperor Duzong.

See also[edit]

Emperor Lizong of Song
Born: 1205 Died: 1264
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Ningzong
Emperor of the Song Dynasty
1224–1264
Succeeded by
Emperor Duzong