Emperor Mo of Jin

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Wanyan Chenglin
Reign February 9, 1234
Full name
Family name: Wanyan 完顏
Given name: Chenglin 承麟
Era dates
Shengchang 盛昌
Temple name
Zhaozong 昭宗
Died February 9, 1234

Emperor Modi of Jin (r. February 9, 1234) was the last emperor of the Jin Dynasty. Ruling for less than one day on February 9, 1234 before being killed by the Mongols in the Siege of Caizhou, he is the shortest-reigning monarch in Chinese history.[1][2]

Brief history[edit]

Main article: Mongol-Jin War

He was born as Wányán Chénglín (Chinese: 完顏承麟). Before his ascendance to the throne, he had been a generalissimo under Emperor Aizong of Jin.

The Mongols besieged Caizhou in 1234, which is now Runan in Henan. On the night of February 8, Aizong decided to flee from the town, and asked Chenglin to be the next emperor.

On the next day during coronation, the Mongolians had already broken the city walls. Aizong fled, and Modi tried to reinforce the palace but failed. He was killed by the Mongolian forces who entered the palace later that day.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Emperor Modi of Jin". Cultural China – History. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ "History of Jin Dynasty". Travel China Guide. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  3. ^ Mote, Frederick W. (2003). Imperial China 900–1800. Harvard University Press. p. 1106. ISBN 978-0-674-01212-7.