Emperor Renzong of Song
|Emperor Renzong of Song|
|Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty|
|Reign||24 March 1022 – 30 April 1063|
|Imperial Concubine||Consort Zhang (張貴妃)
Consort Miao (苗德妃)
Consort Zhou (周婉容)
Consort Yang (楊修儀)
Consort Yu (俞昭儀)
Consort Dong (董充媛)
Consort Zhang (張美人)
Consort Zhang (張美人)
Consort Zhu (朱美人)
Consort Zhang (張郡君)
Consort Lian (連郡君)
Consort Yang (楊郡君)
|Issue||Zhao Fang, Prince of Yang
Zhao Xin, Prince of Yong
Zhao Xi, Prince of Qiao
|House||House of Zhao|
|Father||Emperor Zhenzong of Song|
|Born||30 May 1010|
|Died||30 April 1063(aged 52)|
Emperor Renzong of Song (30 May 1010 – 30 April 1063), formerly romanized as Emperor Jen-tsung of Sung and also known as Zhao Shoyi and Zhao Zhen, was the fourth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, ruling from 1022 to 1063. Renzong was the son of Emperor Zhenzong of Song. Despite his long reign of over 40 years, Renzong is not widely known. His reign marked the high point of Song influences and powers but was also the beginning of its slow disintegration that would persist over the next century and a half.
One possible reason behind its weakness is its interpretation of its own foreign policy. The official policy of the Song Dynasty at the time was one of pacifism and this caused the weakening of the military. Western Xia took advantage of this deterioration and waged small scale wars against Song China near the borders.
When Renzong came into power, he issued decrees to strengthen the military and paid massive bribes to the Liao government, an adversary of Western Xia, in the hope that this would ensure the safety of Song China.
However these policies involved a heavy price. Taxes were increased severely and the peasants lived in a state of perpetual poverty. This eventually caused organized rebellions to take place throughout the country and the breakdown of the government.
Renzong died in 1063 without an heir.
According to the fourteenth century literary work Outlaws of the Marsh, the first twenty-seven years of Renzong's rule were known as the "Era of Three Abundances." But this was followed by a great plague around the year 1048 that decimated the population. It was only the prayers of the Divine Teacher of the Taoists that eventually lifted this pestilence. The imperial emissary who had been sent to the Divine Teacher's monastery recklessly entered the Suppression of Demons Hall, thinking the stories of demons a hoax to delude gullible people.
|Ancestors of Emperor Renzong of Song|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emperor Renzong.|
- List of Song Emperors
- Architecture of the Song Dynasty
- Culture of the Song Dynasty
- Economy of the Song Dynasty
- History of the Song Dynasty
- Society of the Song Dynasty
- Technology of the Song Dynasty
- Two different people
- This is the final version of the posthumous name given in 1083.
- Zhenoao Xu, W. Pankenier, Yaotiao Jiang, David W. Pankenier (2000). East-Asian Archaeoastronomy: Historical Records of Astronomical Observations of China, Japan and Korea. CRC Press. ISBN 90-5699-302-X.
- "Updated Confucius family tree has two million members". News.xinhuanet.com. 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2010-11-07.
- Shi Nai'an and Luo Guanzhong, translated by Sidney Shapiro (1993). Outlaws of the Marsh (Volume I, Chapter 1). Foreign Languages Press, Beijing. ISBN 7-119-01662-8.
Emperor Renzong of SongBorn: 30 May 1010 Died: 30 April 1063[aged 52]
|Emperor of the Song Dynasty