Zhangzong of Jin
|Monument in memory of the rebuilding the Temple of Confucius in Year 2 of the Cheng'an era (1197)|
|Reign||January 20, 1189 – December 29, 1208|
|Mingchang 明昌 1190—1196
Cheng'an 承安 1196—1200
Taihe 泰和 1201—1208
|Father||Wanyan Yungong 完顏允恭 (posthumously honored as Emperor Xianzong)|
|Mother||Lady Tudan 徒單氏 (posthumously honored as Empress Xiaoyi)|
|Born||31 August 1168|
|Died||29 December 1208 (aged 40–41)|
Zhangzong (August 31, 1168 – December 29, 1208) was emperor of the Jin, the Jurchen dynasty which ruled northern China. He reigned from January 20, 1189 to December 29, 1208. His personal name was Wanyan Madage.
To some extent, Zhangzong continued Shizong's policy of encouraging intensive use of Jurchen language and maintaining Jurchen customs. He forbade wearing of Chinese clothes and required his subjects to perform the Jurchen kowtow ceremony. He required his meng'an and mouke (Jurchen hereditary feudal nobility) to take an archery test if they wanted to sit for a jinshi examination. On the other hand, he permitted Jurchen to follow Chinese funeral practices, and Tang and Song rituals are known to have been performed at his court in 1194.
When, in 1206, the troops of the Southern Song prime minister Han Tuozhou invaded the Jin Empire, trying to reunify China from the south, Zhangzong's armies defeated the invaders. To obtain peace, the Song had to yield territory, pay an indemnity, and execute their militant prime minister.
- Tao Jingshen. The Jurchen in Twelfth-Century China. Univ. of Washington Press, 1976. ISBN 0-295-95514-7.
- Tao, p. 85-86
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