Emperor Zhezong of Song
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2009)|
|Emperor Zhezong of Song|
|Birth and death|
|Birth date||4 January 1076|
|Death date||23 February 1100|
|Family name||Zhao (趙)|
|Given name||Yong (傭), later Xu¹ (煦)|
|Dates of reign (1st)||1 April 1085–23 February 1100|
|Temple name||Zhezong (哲宗)|
|Never used short|
|Emperor Xianyuan Jidao Shide
Yanggong Qinwen Ruiwu
|General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.
They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
1. Had his name changed into Xu in March 1085 when he was
officially named crown prince. This name became his taboo
name when he ascended the throne five days later.
2. This is the final version of the posthumous name given
in 1113; according to some sources the first eight characters of
his posthumous name should be Xianyuan Jidao Xiande
Zhezong was the son of Emperor Shenzong. He ascended the throne at age 9 under the supervision of Empress Dowager Gao. As Regent, Gao appointed conservatives such as Sima Guang as Chancellor, who halted socio-economic improvements set forth by Wang Anshi. Zhezong was powerless and it was not until Empress Dowager Gao's death in 1093 that Zhezong was able to reinstate Wang Anshi's reform and remove all of Sima Guang's influence (Although Sima Guang was dead in 1086).
Zhezong lowered taxes in china, stopped negotiations Tangut Empire and resumed armed conflict which eventually forced the Xixia to enter a more peaceful stance with the Song. Overall, Zhezong's reign gave the Song dynasty a breath of fresh air but Zhezong was unable to stop fighting between conservative members in his government and the more liberal members catering to Wang Anshi's reforms. This eventually led to the Northern Song's demise in the 12th century.
- Wang Anshi
- Sima Guang
- List of Song Emperors
- Architecture of the Song Dynasty
- Culture of the Song Dynasty
- Economy of the Song Dynasty
- History of the Song Dynasty
- Society of the Song Dynasty
- Technology of the Song Dynasty
Emperor Zhezong of SongBorn: 4 January 1076 Died: 23 February 1100[aged 24]
|Emperor of the Song Dynasty
|This Chinese royalty-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|