Emphysematous cystitis

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Emphysematous cystitis
Emphysematous cystitis - X-rax - SHF.jpg
Emphysematous cystitis as incidental finding in a case of hip fracture on the left
Classification and external resources

Emphysematous cystitis is a rare type of infection of the bladder wall by gas-forming bacteria or fungi. The most frequent offending organism is E. Coli. Other gram negative bacteria, including Klebsiella and Proteus are also commonly isolated. Fungus, such as Candida has also been reported as a causative organism.


Thomas, AA; Lane, BR; Thomas, AZ; Remer, EM; Campbell, SC; Shoskes, DA (July 2007). "Emphysematous cystitis: a review of 135 cases.". BJU international 100 (1): 17–20. doi:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2007.06930.x. PMID 17506870. 

Bjurlin MA, Hurley SD, Kim DY, et al. Clinical outcomes of nonoperative management in emphysematous urinary tract infections. Urology 79: 1281-1285, 2012.

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