Empire of the Ants
"The Empire of the Ants" is a 1905 short story by H. G. Wells about the littleness of humanity and the tenuousness of the dominion Homo sapiens enjoys on Earth. A 1977 film, Empire of the Ants, claimed to be based on Wells's story, but had scarcely anything to do with the original.
"The Empire of the Ants" features a Brazilian captain, Gerilleau, who is ordered to take his gunboat, the Benjamin Constant, to assist the inhabitants of the town of Batama, in the "Upper Amazon," "against a plague of ants." A Lancashire engineer named Holroyd, from whose point of view the story is, for the most part, told, accompanies him. They find a species of large black ant that has evolved advanced intelligence and has used it to make tools and organize aggression. Before arriving in Badama, Captain Gerilleau encounters a cuberta which has been taken over by the ants, which have killed and mutilated two sailors. After Capt. Gerilleau sends his second in command, Lieutenant da Cunha, aboard the vessel, the ants attack him and he dies painfully hours later, apparently poisoned. The next day, after burning the cuberta, the Benjamin Constant arrives off Badama. The town is deserted and all its inhabitants dead or dispersed. Fearing the ants and their poison, Capt. Gerilleau contents himself with firing "de big gun" at the town twice, with minimal effect. He then demands "what else was there to do?" (variants of this phrase are used throughout the story when discussing the ants) and returns downstream for orders.
A final section reports that Holroyd has returned to England to warn the authorities about the ants "before it is too late." The story concludes: "By 1920 they will be half-way down the Amazon. I fix 1950 or '60 at the latest for the discovery of Europe."
"The Empire of the Ants" was first published in 1905 in The Strand Magazine.
- H.G. Wells, "The Empire of the Ants," in The Short Stories of H.G. Wells (London: Ernest Benn, 1927), p. 92.
- A cuberta is a large canoe used on the Amazon having two masts and sails used for transporting goods. Henry Coleman Folkard, The Sailing Boat: A Treatise on Sailing Boats and Small Yachts, Their Varieties of Type, Sails, Rigs, etc., 5th ed. (London: Edward Stanford, 1901), p. 508.
- H.G. Wells, "The Empire of the Ants," in The Short Stories of H.G. Wells (London: Ernest Benn, 1927), p. 106.
- Michael Sherborne, H.G. Wells: Another Kind of Life (Peter Owen, 2010), pp. 138-39.
- "EMPIRE OF THE ANTS: H.G. Wells and Tropical Entomology". Sleigh, C. Science as Culture, Volume 10, Number 1, 1 March 2001, pp. 33–71
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