Empis livida

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Empis livida
Empis livida (aka).jpg
Male Empis livida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Empididae
Genus: Empis
Subgenus: Kritempis [1]
Species: E. livida
Binomial name
Empis livida
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms

Empis livida is a species of dance fly, in the fly family Empididae. Males range from 7.5–9.3 millimetres (0.30–0.37 in), females 7.5–10.2 millimetres (0.30–0.40 in). The male's abdomen is brownish, and his wings appear faintly brown and clouded. The female's abdomen is gray and her wings are clear.[3][4][5][6] E. livida lives in hedgerows, feeding on the nectar of several species of Rosaceae, several species of Asteraceae, and Heracleum sphondylium nectar; they also feed on other insects. They live all across temperate and Northern Europe, the only species with such a wide distribution.[3][6] E. livida larvae are also carnivorous and live in damp soil and leaf litter. Adults fly in between April to July.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collin, J.E. (1961). British Flies VI: Empididae Part 2: Hybotinae, Empidinae (except Hilara) 4. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. p. 329. 
  2. ^ Chandler, Peter J. (1998). Checklists of Insects of the British Isles (New Series) Part 1: Diptera. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. New Series 12 (1) (London: Royal Entomological Society of London). p. 234. ISBN 0-901546-82-8. 
  3. ^ a b c Lindsey, J.K. (2003, 200508). "Empis Livida". p. 1. Retrieved 2009-11-11.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Chvála, Milan (1974). The Empididae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark Part I. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 3. Charlse University, Czech Republic: Scandinavian Science Press. p. 336. 
  5. ^ Chvála, Milan (1983). The Empididae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark Part II. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 12. Charlse University, Czech Republic: Scandinavian Science Press. p. 272. 
  6. ^ a b Chvála, Milan (May 1994). "4". The Empididae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark Part III. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica Ser. 29. Charlse University, Czech Republic: Brill Academic Publishers, Incorporated. pp. 43–46. ISBN 90-04-09663-9.