Empress Ma (Hongwu)

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Empress Xiaoci
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma (馬).

Empress Ma, formally Empress Xiaocigao (1332–1382) was a Chinese Empress consort of the Ming Dynasty, married to the Hongwu Emperor.



This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Chinese Wikipedia.
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Gi
Empress of China
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaominrang