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|Reign||Never reigned. Empress title bestowed posthumously.|
|Empress Xiaomu Wenhou Zhuangsu Duancheng Kehui Kuanqin Futian Yusheng Cheng
Forbidden City, Beijing, China
|Burial||22 September 1827
Eastern Wing Tombs (1827–1835)
Western Qing Tombs (1835–present)
|Manchu script||ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᠴᡳᠪᠰᡠᠩᡤᠣ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᠠᠨ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ|
|Romanization||hiyoošungga cibsunggo šanggan hūwangheo|
Empress Xiaomucheng was of the Manchu Niuhuru clan, which was under the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners. Her personal name is unknown. Lady Niuhuru's father was Buyandalai (布顏達賚), a Duke of the Third Class (三等公) who served as Minister of Revenue (戶部尚書). Her birth date is not found in historical records. She was first mentioned in 1796 when she married Mianning on December 22 that year.
When Mianning ascended to the throne in 1820 as the Daoguang Emperor, he granted Lady Niuhuru the posthumous title of "Empress Xiaomu". In 1828 there was a leak in the Eastern Qing Tombs, resulting in flooding. In the following year, Lady Niuhuru's coffin was temporarily moved to the Baohua Ravine Hall (寶華峪正殿). In 1835 her coffin was to the Muling Mausoleum in the Western Qing Tombs, Hebei.
Empress Xiaomucheng's full posthumous title is:
- Empress Xiaomuwenhouzhuangsuduanchengkehuikuanqinfutianyushengcheng
- The draft history of the Qing Dynasty 《清史稿 卷一百六十七 表七》 states that her family belonged to this banner.
- Draft history of the Qing dynasty, Consort files. 《清史稿》卷二百十四．列傳一．后妃傳．宣宗孝穆成皇后.
- Daily Life in the Forbidden City, Wan Yi, Wang Shuqing, Lu Yanzhen ISBN 0-670-81164-5
- http://www.royalark.net/China/manchu12.htm, about the Aisin Gioro familytree.
House of Aisin-Gioro (1636-1912)Died: 1808
|Empress of China
Title bestowed posthumously