Empress Xiaoshurui

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Empress Xiaoshurui
《孝淑睿皇后朝服像》局部.jpg
Empress Consort of the Qing Dynasty
Tenure 1796 – 5 March 1797
Predecessor Empress Xiaoyichun
(Ulanara, the Step Empress was the actual living predecessor)
Successor Empress Xiaoherui
Spouse Jiaqing Emperor
Issue Jiaqing Emperor's second daughter
Daoguang Emperor
Kurun Princess Zhuangjing
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaoshu Duanhe Renzhuang Ciyi Dunyu Zhaosu Guangtian Yousheng Rui
(孝淑端和仁庄慈懿敦裕昭肅光天佑聖睿皇后)
Father Hitara Horchingo
Born 1760
Died 5 March 1797
Burial Changling Mausoleum, Western Qing Tombs
Empress Xiaoshurui
Chinese name
Chinese 孝淑睿皇后
Lady Hitara
Traditional Chinese 喜塔臘氏
Simplified Chinese 喜塔腊氏
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᠨᡝᠮᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠰᡠᠩᡤᡳᠶᡝᠨ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ
Romanization hiyoošungga nemgiyan sunggiyen hūwangheo

Empress Xiaoshurui (1760 - 5 March 1797) was the first Empress Consort of the Jiaqing Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. She was the birth mother of Jiaqing's son and successor, the Daoguang Emperor.

Biography[edit]

Empress Xiaoshurui was born of the Manchu Hitara (喜塔臘) clan, which was under the Plain White Banner of the Eight Banners. Her personal name is unknown. Her father was Horchingo (和爾經額), title Duke Cheng'en (承恩公), who served as a minister of interior affairs and vice commander of a banner. She was born in 1760 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.

In 1774 Lady Hitara married Yongyan, the 15th son of the Qianlong Emperor. They had a son and two daughters. On 9 February 1796 the Qianlong Emperor abdicated in favour of Yongyan and became Retired Emperor, while Yongyan ascended to the throne as the Jiaqing Emperor. Jiaqing instated Lady Hitara as his Empress after his coronation.

Lady Hitara died of illness in 1797, having been Empress for barely a year. She was posthumously granted the title of "Empress Xiaoshurui" after the death of the Jiaqing Emperor in 1820, and was interred in the Changling Mausoleum in the Western Qing Tombs.

Issue[edit]

  • Unnamed daughter (1780), the Jiaqing Emperor's second daughter, died prematurely.
  • Mianning (旻寧; 16 September 1782 – 25 February 1850), the Daoguang Emperor.
  • Kurun Princess Zhuangjing (莊靜固倫公主; 20 October 1784 – 27 June 1811), married Manibadala (瑪尼巴達喇) of the Mongol Borjigit clan.

Posthumous title[edit]

Empress Xiaoshurui's full posthumous title is:

  • Empress Xiaoshuduanherenzhuangciyidunyuzhaosuguangtianyoushengrui
    (孝淑端和仁庄慈懿敦裕昭肅光天佑聖睿皇后)

See also[edit]

Succession[edit]

Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoyichun
(Actual predecessor: Ulanara, the Step Empress
Empress of China
1796–1797
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaoherui