Empress Zhang (Liu Shan, later)

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Empress Zhang
Empress of Shu Han
Born (Unknown)
Died (Unknown)
Names
Simplified Chinese 张皇后
Traditional Chinese 張皇后
Pinyin Zhāng Huánghòu
Wade–Giles Chang Huang-hou

Empress Zhang (birth and death dates unknown), personal name unknown, was an empress of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period. She was a daughter of Zhang Fei and a younger sister of Empress Jing'ai. In 237, she became an imperial consort (貴人) of the Shu emperor Liu Shan. In the first lunar month of 238, she became empress, succeeding her elder sister, who died in the previous year. In 264, after Shu was conquered by the rival state of Cao Wei, Empress Zhang accompanied her husband Liu Shan to the Wei capital Luoyang.[1]

Modern references[edit]

Empress Zhang is first introduced as a playable character in the fifth instalment of Koei's Dynasty Warriors video game series. She was omitted from Dynasty Warriors 6, but was reintroduced in Dynasty Warriors 7 and has been present since. Her name is stylised as "Xingcai" in the games, and although there is no mention of her sister throughout the series, the Scholar Quiz of Dynasty Warriors 7 confirms that Xingcai is the second empress of Liu Shan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (後主張皇后,前後敬哀之妹也。建興十五年,入為貴人。延熙元年春正月,策曰:「朕統承大業,君臨天下,奉郊廟社稷。今以貴人為皇后,使行丞相事左將軍向朗持節授璽綬。勉脩中饋,恪肅禋祀,皇后其敬之哉!」咸熙元年,隨後主遷於洛陽。) Chen Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms, Volume 34, Biography of Empress Zhang.
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Jing'ai
Empress of Shu Han
238–263
Dynasty ended
Empress of China (Southwestern)
238–263
Succeeded by
Empress Bian of Cao Wei