Emsdetten school shooting

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Emsdetten school shooting
Location Germany Emsdetten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Date 20 November 2006
c. 9:20 a.m.–10:36 a.m. (UTC+1)
Target Geschwister Scholl-Schule
Attack type
School shooting, attempted murder, suicide
Weapons
Deaths 1 (the perpetrator)
Non-fatal injuries
22 (5 by gunfire)
Perpetrator Sebastian Bosse[1]

The Emsdetten school shooting was a school shooting that occurred at the Geschwister Scholl-Schule in Emsdetten, Germany on 20 November 2006. 18-year-old former student Sebastian Bosse shot and wounded five people and set off several smoke bombs before committing suicide. Even though there were no fatalities besides that of the gunman, the shooting has been considered to be the worst school shooting in the history of Germany since the Erfurt massacre, in which 17 people, including the perpetrator, were killed. This position is now held by the 2009 Winnenden school shooting, which left 16 people, including the perpetrator, dead.

Details[edit]

Shooting[edit]

On 20 November 2006, at approximately 9:20 a.m. local time, Bosse drove to the Geschwister Scholl-Schule and strode into the schoolyard with his weapons, wearing a long black trench coat and a black gas mask.[2] On the way, he started firing randomly and wounded the school janitor, who was seriously injured by a shot in the stomach. A female teacher who was following the janitor was also injured when Bosse threw a smoke bomb, which hit her in the face. Around ten minutes after the shooting started, police were informed of the incident.

Bosse entered the school building, firing several more shots and wounding four students. He also lit several smoke bombs, filling the building up with smoke. At 9:34 a.m., police arrived, but found entry into the school extremely difficult. At 9:58 a.m., a special task force finally breached the school and searched the building, discovering the body of Bosse on the second floor at 10:36 a.m., 38 minutes after entry. Bosse had shot himself in the mouth, although it was initially unclear if he had shot himself or was killed by the detonation of an explosive device that was attached to his body. Explosive experts had to be brought in to defuse the explosives found strapped to his body, as well as additional explosives found around the school.[3]

Victims[edit]

Bosse was the only fatality in the shooting, while a total of 22 people were injured. Four students (three boys and one girl aged between 12 and 16 years) and the school janitor all suffered gunshot wounds, which were aimed towards the chest, stomach, arm, knee, and hand. A pregnant female teacher[2] also suffered facial injuries when she was hit by a thrown smoke bomb. In addition, 16 police officers had to be treated for respiratory problems due to smoke inhalation, while 15 students suffered from shock.[3]

Weapons[edit]

During the attack, Bosse was armed with a Burgo .22 caliber bolt-action rifle, an Ardesa percussion rifle, a pistol, and an Ardesa "Patriot" caplock pistol.[4][2] The barrels and stocks of the two rifles were sawed off. In addition, three smoke bombs and a knife were found on Bosse's body, ten additional smoke bombs and an incendiary bomb in his backpack, and four pipe bombs planted around the school.[2][3] A search in his car recovered four more smoke bombs, three incendiary bombs, and a machete. A search in his parents' house recovered a gas gun, an airsoft weapon, an air rifle, and various chemicals.

Bosse purchased the percussion rifle from an online weapons dealer.[5] The dealer confirmed that Bosse had participated in three online auctions during the two months prior to the attack; all three auctions sold weapons. However, the auctions only sold weapons to people aged over 18 years. Attorney Wolfgang Schweer confirmed to the WDR that no investigation was launched against the auctions.[6] The bolt-action rifle that Bosse was armed with during the attack had been purchased by him from a 24-year-old male relative in exchange for an airsoft gun; the man was not aware of Bosse's true intent.

The perpetrator[edit]

Sebastian Bosse
Bastian Bosse.png
Sebastian Bosse
Born 29 April 1988
Died 20 November 2006 (age 18)
Geschwister Scholl-Schule, Emsdetten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Cause of death
Suicide by gunshot wound
Residence Emsdetten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Nationality German
Motive Hatred

Sebastian Bosse[2] (29 April 1988 – 20 November 2006) had graduated from the Geschwister Scholl-Schule in 2006. He was generally known by others as "Bastian".[2] According to the public prosecutor's office, the motive for the attack was "general life frustration".[7] While attending the school, he had social problems with classmates and was forced to repeat two classes.[8] He was also known by others to listen to death metal music, wearing all-black or camouflage clothing, and having an affinity for firearms. He reportedly went on hunting trips with his father, a postman.[2]

It was stated from his diary, police investigations, and statements from his classmates out that he was bullied. An investigation later turned up a suicide note written by him, which stated that he wanted "to be happy ever again" and that he couldn't stand everyday restrictions on his freedom. The note said,

"I had to learn in the 18 years of my life, that one can only be happy when you bulk blends, society adapts. But it could and I did not. I am free! No person shall engage in my life, and he does it but he has to face the consequences! No politician has the right to legislate, which prohibit me things, not a cop has the right to take away my gun to me, and certainly not while he's wearing the belt."

He also said,

"I hate you and the way you are! You've all got to die! Since I was 6 you've all been taking the piss out of me! Now you're going to pay. Finally, I want to apologise for all this to the people who mean something to me or who were ever good to me! I'm gone ..."[2]

Two-and-a-half years prior to the attack, Bosse had announced his intents on an Internet forum and asked for psychological help.[9] He also posted pictures and videos from Airsoftspielen, as well as bomb-making videos, on a personal website.[10] Additional photos on the website showed Bosse with a variety of weapons, including a submachine gun, in public. On Sunday evening before the attack, Bosse posted four videos on his website, in which he and another person operated with weapons and explosives.[8][3] The site was closed immediately after the attack by the North Rhine-Westphalia police, but its contents were copied in response to the closing, being placed on a number of other websites. Bosse had planned the attack extensively, according to contents of his diary.[11]

The district court Rheine revealed that Bosse had gone into an open-air event with a gas gun in his possession; he had been drinking alcoholic beverages. Police were alerted to the incident and seized his gas gun. Although Bosse had an insufficient gun license, this didn't bar him from holding such weapons at public events.[12] It was also reported that he was due in court prior to the shooting, on charges of illegal possession of a Walther P38 pistol.[2]

Shortly before the attack, Bosse had left an Internet posting and a video message from his parents' living room. He had stated that he hated people and was taught to be a "loser" at his school.[13][14] He also left a suicide note on his website, which has since been deleted.[15]

Aftermath[edit]

The event caused renewed demands for a prohibition of violent video games (called "Killerspiele", "killing games", by the German media and politicians) in Germany,[16] since police determined that Bosse "spent most of his waking hours"[17] playing a violent video game called Counter-Strike.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stay Different Official Site Resistant X
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "German School Shooting: Armed to the Teeth and Crying for Help"
  3. ^ a b c d "Ex-Pupil Wounds 11 in German School Shooting: 'I Loathe People'"
  4. ^ Spiegel.de - Die Waffen des Sebastian B.
  5. ^ Spiegel online, 20. November 2006 Amokläufer tötete sich mit Schuss in den Mund
  6. ^ [[[:Template:WBA]] Amokläufer drehte Abschiedsvideo und führte Todesliste] WDR Panorama
  7. ^ Der Tagesspiegel, 21. November 2006, S. 1
  8. ^ a b Spiegel online, 20. November 2006 Video-Vermächtnis mit Waffe, Mantel, Kampfstiefeln
  9. ^ Münstersche Zeitung v. 21. November 2006
  10. ^ vgl. TELEPOLIS "Ich will R.A.C.H.E""
  11. ^ Stern.de - Das Tagebuch von Bastian B.
  12. ^ Westdeutscher Rundfunk, Frank Menke: Wie kam der Amokläufer an die Waffen?
  13. ^ Former student dead after storming German school, CTV.ca.[dead link]
  14. ^ 18-jähriger Amokläufer verteilte Bomben im Schulgebäude ("18-year old madman distributed bombs in school building"), Spiegel Online.
  15. ^ Amoklauf in Schule in Emsdetten ("Madman in School in Emsdetten"), de.indymedia.org.
  16. ^ Eric Bangeman. "EU may regulate development and sale of violent video games." Ars Technica. 15 December 2006. Accessed 14 March 2009 <http://arstechnica.com/gaming/news/2006/12/8433.ars>
  17. ^ Paul Meller, IDG News Service. "Germany seeks common EU rules on violent video games." InfoWorld. 17 January 2007. Accessed 14 March 2009 <http://www.infoworld.com/article/07/01/17/HNeurulesonvideogames_1.html>
  18. ^ Bruce Gain. "German Past Haunts Gamers' Future." Wired.com. 5 February 2007. Accessed 14 March 2009 <http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2007/02/72619>

External links[edit]