|Australian short-necked turtles|
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The Australian short-necked turtles, Emydura, are a genus of turtles in the family Chelidae. It was paraphyletic with Elseya. Consequently, it was split into two genera Myuchelys and Elseya by Thomson & Georges, 2009. They can grow quite large, 30 cm or more is not unusual and have a life span of around 20–30 years. They generally do not hibernate as their warmer climate lets them remain active all year round; they also spend more time in the water than other varieties. They are considered omnivore but rely on a constant supply of meat to remain healthy, feeding on basically anything that will fit into their mouth. They are characterised by a white strip starting at their nose and leading down their neck, as well as a more rigged shell. In Australia, the public require a basic reptiles licence to purchase these animals; taking from the wild is strictly prohibited. Species and notable subspecies arranged according to most recent review of Georges & Thomson, 2010 are:
- Macquarie turtle, Emydura macquarii, Gray, 1830
- Murray river turtle, Emydura macquarii macquarii
- Krefft's turtle, Emydura macquarii krefftii
- Fraser island short-neck turtle, Emydura macquarii nigra
- Cooper creek turtle, Emydura macquarii emmotti
- Red-bellied short-necked turtle or Jardine River Turtle, Emydura subglobosa, Krefft 1876
- Red-bellied short-necked turtle, Emydura subglobosa subglobosa
- Worrell's short-necked turtle, Emydura subglobosa worrelli
- Northern yellow-faced turtle, Emydura tanybaraga, Cann, 1997
- Victoria river red-faced turtle, Emydura victoriae, Gray 1841
- Bonaparte, C.L. 1836. Cheloniorum Tabula Analytica. Rome, 9 pp.
- Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37.
- Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., Rhodin, A.G.J., Shaffer, H.B., and Bour, R.]. 2014. Turtles of the world, 7th edition: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution with maps, and conservation status. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs 5(7):000.329–479, doi:10.3854/ crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014.
- Thomson, S. & Georges, A. (2009) Myuchelys gen. nov. —a new genus for Elseya latisternum and related forms of Australian freshwater turtle (Testudines: Pleurodira: Chelidae) Zootaxa 2053: 32–42.
- Gray, J.E. 1830. A synopsis of the species of the class Reptilia. pp 1-110 in Griffith, E. The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier. London: Whitaker and Treacher and Co. 9:481 + 110pp.
- Krefft, G. 1876. Notes on Australian animals in New Guinea with description of a new freshwater tortoise belonging to the genus Euchelymys. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Genova. 1:390-394.
- Cann, J. 1997. The northern yellow-faced turtle. Monitor 9(1):24-29, 34-35.
- Gray, J.E. 1841. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. pp 51-57. in Gray, J.E. Zoological Miscellaney. London: Treutal, Wurtz and Co.