Emyvale

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For the settlement in Canada, see Emyvale, Prince Edward Island.
Emyvale
Scairbh na gCaorach
Town
Emyvale, County Monaghan - geograph.org.uk - 615632.jpg
Emyvale is located in Ireland
Emyvale
Emyvale
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 54°20′31″N 6°57′31″W / 54.341933°N 6.958546°W / 54.341933; -6.958546Coordinates: 54°20′31″N 6°57′31″W / 54.341933°N 6.958546°W / 54.341933; -6.958546
Country Ireland
Province Ulster
County County Monaghan
Population (2006)
 • Urban 800
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Irish Grid Reference H668338

Emyvale, known before the Plantation of Ulster as Scarnageeragh or Scarna[1] (Irish: Scairbh na gCaorach, meaning "crossing of the sheep"), is a village and townland in the north of County Monaghan, Ireland. It sits upon the main Dublin to Derry and Letterkenny road, the (N2), about 10 km north of Monaghan and 8 km south of Aughnacloy. Its population is about 800.

History[edit]

In 1959, a Bronze Age tomb was discovered here placing the village at over 3000 years old. Unfortunately for historians, the urn and other artifacts found were inadvertently destroyed when the tomb was being excavated.

The name 'Scairbh na gCaorach' (the Irish language name for Emyvale) means 'crossing of the sheep', referring to a low (and easily traversable) point in the Mountain Water river on which Emyvale is situated. The name is thought to have come from the Ui Meith tribe, the village's first inhabitants. Scairbh na gCaorach was abbreviated to "Scarna" in the early part of the 19th Century (indeed a local hostelry bears this name), although this fell out of common usage, and village is now referred to by its English language name; Emyvale.

In the 8th century, the McKenna Clan arrived, and by the 12th century they had established an independent túath or kingdom in North Monaghan, which would last for the next 450 years.

In more recent times, Emyvale was immortalised by the renowned nineteenth-century Irish writer William Carleton as part of his "Traits and Stories of The Irish Peasantry" series. The volume, which included 'The Fair at Emyvale', a short story based upon the writer's experiences of the north Monaghan landscape in which he was educated as a young man, is recognised as one of the most significant commentaries on Irish life in the Victorian era.

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