|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||130.18 g mol−1|
|Density||0.9181 g/cm3 (20 °C)|
|Melting point||−7.5 °C; 18.5 °F; 265.6 K|
|Boiling point||223 °C; 433 °F; 496 K|
|Solubility in water||0.2419 g/100 mL (15 °C)|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Heptanoic acid, also called enanthic acid, is an organic compound composed of a seven-carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid. It is an oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. It contributes to the odor of some rancid oils. It is slightly soluble in water, but very soluble in ethanol and ether.
Production and uses
The methyl ester of ricinoleic acid, obtained from castor bean oil is the main commercial precursor to heptanoic acid. It is hydrolyzed to the methyl ester of undecenoic acid and heptanal, which is then air oxidized to the carboxylic acid. Approximately 20,000 tons were consumed in Europe and US in 1980.
Heptanoic acid is used to esterify steroids in the preparation of drugs such as testosterone enanthate, trenbolone enanthate, drostanolone enanthate and methenolone enanthate (Primobolan). It is also one of many additives in cigarettes.