Enawene Nawe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Enawene-nawe 1257a.JPG
Enawene Nawe man from Mato Grosso
Total population
566 (2010)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Brazil ( Mato Grosso)
traditional tribal religion[1]

The Enawené-Nawé are an indigenous people of Brazil, who live by fishing and gathering in start of Mato Grosso state. They live in a large village near the Iquê River in the Enawenê Nawê Indigenous Land.[1] They practice agriculture and do not hunt or eat red meat.

The Enawene Nawe are a relatively isolated people who were first contacted in 1974 by Vicente Cañas. They numbered 566 in 2012,[1] up from 320 in 2000.[2]


The Enawené-Nawé are also known as the Enawenê-nawê,[1] Eneuene-Mare or Salumã people. They are distinct from the Salumá people in Pará[2]


The Enawené-Nawé language is a Central Maipuran language, part of the Arawakan language family.[2]

Current issues[edit]

These people are in danger of being wiped out by the Brazilian corporations who encroach on their land and pollute the rivers from which they obtain their source of food. Many dams are being built on the main Juruena river, polluting the water and killing many of the fish. Without fish, there is basically no food for the people of this tribe, as they eat no red meat. Most of the people believe it is Blairo Maggi who wants these dams.[3] He has plans to build 77 dams on the river. Constitutionally, Brazil's tribes are supposed to receive full protection from the federal government, but like its predecessors, the current government has frequently ceded to pressure from Blairo Maggi and other elements of Brazilian and international agribusiness. The people rely on support from NGOs like Survival International.Also, they believe the nearby land is home to many important spirits, but the land is being destroyed by ranchers, who have threatened violence if the members of the tribe perform their ritual and build their dams.


  1. ^ a b c d e "Enawenê-nawê: Introduction." Instituto Socioambiental: Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 28 March 2012
  2. ^ a b c d "Enawené-Nawé." Ethnologue. 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  3. ^ http://www.survival-international.org/tribes/enawenenawe/dams

External links[edit]